July 25 – Proclus the Weeper: history, traditions and omens of the holiday

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July 25, 2022, 06:08 | Culture

Dew is considered healing today – it was used to wash and wipe the eyes to improve eyesight.

July 25 &mdash ; Proclus the Lamenter: history, traditions and omens of the holiday

Folk Old Slavic holidays harmoniously combine elements of pre-Christian pagan beliefs and church Orthodox rituals. As an example, we can cite the folk holiday of Proclus the Weeper. It is celebrated every year on July 25. According to the church calendar, the memory of the martyr brothers Proclus and Ilarius is honored at this time, informs Ukr.Media.

Historical reference

The brothers lived at the turn of the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. in the Greek city of Kalypta. They were artists, including those who painted the basilicas of Christian monasteries and churches.

At that time, the Roman throne was occupied by the pagan emperor Troyan, who organized a mass persecution of Christians with the first decree. Proclus and Hilary were famous masters: their frescoes and paintings decorated many Christian temples. Therefore, they were among the first to be captured and subjected to cruel torture in order to turn them away from the true faith.

But Hilary and Proclus held firm and only diligently prayed to the Lord. In the break between tortures, an angel of the Lord appeared to the brothers in a dream, who predicted the destruction of the city if the persecution of Christians did not stop. The martyrs personally told the Roman governor about all this the next day at the court. But he just laughed in response and ordered to continue the torture.

In the same evening, a strong earthquake occurred in Kalypta and its surroundings, which destroyed most of the city's buildings. In response, the brothers were accused of witchcraft and torture intensified. While Hilary was brutally beaten with sticks, Proclus was tied to a chariot and forced to run after it.

When his strength finally left him, the saint turned to the Lord with a fervent prayer for deliverance from torment. The Lord heard his plea and stopped the execution. Horses and executioners were frozen with pillars of salt, and the despotic governor was twisted by a sharp pain. It took place after the ruler publicly recognized Christ as the true God and signed a document on the cessation of persecution of Christians in the region entrusted to him.

But the vain despot could not forgive Proclus, and secretly hired murderers, brutally dealing with Hilarius. During his brother's funeral, the guards grabbed Proclus himself, tied him to a pillar, and fired a dozen arrows into him. Until the last moment of his life, the saint prayed to the Almighty to forgive the pagans, who did not know what they were doing.

Folk traditions and rites

People used to collect morning dew on Proclus the Weeper. People believed that at this time it possessed special healing properties. To collect dew, a clean linen sheet was stretched on the field until it was completely soaked. After that, all the obtained moisture was twisted into a clay vessel. With the help of dew, people were "treated" from oncological diseases, insomnia, colds and other diseases. Women made lotions and washed their faces with dew. It was believed that she rejuvenated the skin.

Beliefs and Omens

  • On July 25 from the morning a thick fog stands – there will be an excess of dew;
  • If the fog does not clear until noon – wait until the evening for rain:
  • Mosquito flies low over the water and curls in a cloud – it gets colder sharply and it will rain for three more days;
  • The chickens in the yard do not walk and do not lay well – autumn will be early, cold and windy.

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