July 30, 2022, 06:01 | Culture
Today, our ancestors' tables included fish dishes without fail.
Old Slavic holidays are a real bridge to the life and culture of our ancestors. They allow us to penetrate through the centuries into the system of beliefs, to understand the relationship of our ancestors to the natural phenomena surrounding them, informs Ukr.Media.
One of these holidays is Marina with Lazar. It is celebrated every year on July 30 (July 17). On this day, the church pays tribute to the memory of the great martyr Maryna (christened Margarita) of Antioch and Saint Lazarus of Galicia.
July 30 is also popularly called Fiery Mary. The day got its name because “dry thunderstorms'' often occur at this time: when thunder is not heard, but the sky is covered with flashes of lightning.
In this regard, there is a small legend in folk folklore where it is said that in ancient times, a princess from the heavenly kingdom decided to move to the world of people, without asking permission from her father. Since then, he has been angry, illuminating the sky with lightning from his trident.
Saint Maryna was born at the end of the 3rd century. N. was in a rich merchant family in the Pisid region in the city of Antioch (now Turkey). All her relatives were pagans, and the girl learned about Christianity from the words of the nurse.
At the age of 12, Maria was secretly baptized under the name Margarita. At this time, mass persecution of Christians began throughout the Roman Empire. After learning about his daughter's act and in order to protect other family members, Maria's father was forced to disown her and kick the girl out of the house.
Up to the age of 15, Maria lived in local caves hiding from the massacre along with others persecuted Christians. Once, while hunting in the forest, she was accidentally seen by the Roman governor and offered to become his wife. The girl replied that she is a Christian and will never deny the true God.
Angered by such an audacious speech, the ruler ordered the guards to capture the girl and torture her in the city casemate until she changes her mind. On the third day of torture, a dove with a golden crown on its head flew into the prison where Mary was.
Many people who saw such a miracle believed in Christ. The news of the miracle quickly spread throughout Antioch, and civil unrest could break out in the city at any moment. To suppress the rebellion, the ruler ordered the execution of Maria.
Saint Lazarus was born in the Lydian kingdom (now Western Turkey) in the city of Magnesia. For a decade he was a novice and a monk of the monastery of Saint Sava. At the end of the year, the Patriarch of Jerusalem ordained him to the rank of presbyter.
In a new capacity, Lazar returned to his homeland and settled on Halytsky Hill. Even during the life of the saint, a monastery of the same name arose on the mountain and the Cathedral of the Resurrection of the Lord was built. Saint Lazarus died in 1953 at the seventy-third year of his life.
Folk traditions and rites
On Marina it is customary to carefully observe weather, because in many respects this day determined the climate of the second half of autumn and the beginning of winter.
St. Maryna was prayed for the treatment of various women's ailments, and asked to protect houses and fields from lightning strikes.
July 30 was traditionally a fish day: soup, fried fish and boiled crayfish were served on the tables.
Beliefs and omens
- Lizards hide under the ground – before the rain;
- The brighter the thunderstorms on this day, the more often there will be rains in autumn and blizzards in winter.