July 31, 2022, 06:07 | Culture
Today, important matters, negotiations, the start of new projects are not scheduled – the result will be unsatisfactory.
National holidays are direct guides to the culture of our ancestors. They make it possible to understand the worldview and belief system of pre-Christian Russia, informs Ukr.Media.
One of these holidays is Omelyan Day. It is celebrated annually on July 31. The church at this time honors the memory of the martyr Emilian Dorostolsky.
Emilian was a slave of a nobleman in the city of Dorostol in the province of Moesia (now the Balkans). In 363 AD e. a Roman envoy arrived in the province with an imperial order to exterminate all the followers of Christ.
Such a misanthropic decision greatly angered Omelyan. At night, he broke into a pagan temple and wreaked havoc there: he desecrated the altars, overthrew and smashed pagan idols. And in the morning he hid unnoticed by the city guard.
The local authorities could not ignore such a crime and blamed the event on an old beggar who sometimes begged for alms near the temple wall. After learning about this, Emilian returned to the scene of the pogrom and publicly confessed to everything. During the burning, a miracle happened: the tongues of flame did not burn Emilian's body, but spread over the pagans. When they burned, the fire suddenly went out, and Emilian himself lay down on the hot coals, prayed and departed to another world.
Folk traditions and rituals
The harvest was often completed on Omelyan Day. When the field work was done, the peasants laid out the working tools in a circle. After that, the local priest performed a prayer and consecrated the peasant equipment with holy water.
On Omelyan, girls often made fortune-telling about the defendant. To do this, they went to the forest and took turns shaking a spruce with cones until they fell to the ground. The bump closest to the girl shaking the trunk represented the future suitor: the bigger and more beautiful she was, the stronger the future marriage was considered. If it turned out "not that" the bump, the girl, after reading the conspiracies, could try again, but only at dusk and in complete solitude.
On this day, people necessarily visited the bathhouse. In order not to anger the bathhouse (the analogue of the house bathhouse), you had to enter the room with a bow and leave a little soap, a separate broom and a bucket of water untouched in the corner.
After washing, the oldest man in the family took the ears of the previous harvest and buried them deeply in the field, conjuring special conspiracies. In this way, the blessing of Mother Earth was ensured for the growth and ripening of the new crop.
On July 31, men were not allowed to fish, and women were not allowed to bake dough. Otherwise, they could get very sick.
Beliefs and omens
- What weather is on Omelyana, it will be like this in the first weeks of autumn;
- Thunderstorm rumbles in the sky with loud roars – to hail;
- The hotter it is at this time, the frostier the coming December;
- The leaves on the bank from the bottom of the crown are starting to turn yellow – autumn will come early;
- Teters are chirping from branch to branch flies – to rain;
- Bees reluctantly leave the hive – autumn will be cold;
- Crickets chirp loudly in the grass in the evening – to be hot tomorrow;
- Wolves at night at 31 In July, there is a loud howling in the forest – the winter will be fierce, with storms and severe frosts.
< li>The cones on the spruce were born only at the very top – the frosts will start only in January;