June 22 – Cyril's Day, Soltsevorot: history, traditions and signs of the holiday

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June 22, 2022, 06:05 | Culture

Today you can't say out loud your plans for the future – otherwise they may never come true.

 June 22 — St. Cyril's Day, Solstice: history, traditions and signs of the holiday

June 22 is the national Christian holiday St. Cyril's Day. The Orthodox honor the memory of two saints: Cyril of Alexandria, saint and archbishop, and Cyril of Belozersky, a saint from the monastic order, abbot, informs Ukr.Media.

Life of saints

The future Archbishop of Alexandria was born in 376. It belongs to the famous dynasty of archbishops, the founder of which was Athanasius the Great. Kirill became the fourth in the chain in which the archbishop's chair passed from uncle to nephew. Holding a high church post, he actively defended the Christian faith, fought against heresy, idolatry and Jews who provoked bloodshed. His creative legacy is deeply meaningful theological works.

The first monk from Belozer

In the world of Cosmas, the future monk was born in Moscow in 1337, who were his parents is unknown. It is believed that he is related to the boyar family of the Velyaminovs. In his youth, he received tonsure in the Simoniv Monastery, receiving the name Kyrylo. It is known that Sergius of Radonezh singled him out from the monastic brotherhood and talked to him alone for a long time.

When the abbot of the monastery died, the monks persuaded Cyril to become their mentor. The monk agreed, but he was drawn to solitude. He fervently prayed to the Most Holy Mother of God to show her the way forward. And one day I heard a voice: the Mother of God told me to go to White Lake. Together with the monk Ferapont, Kirill went to the indicated place. There they dug dugouts and began to continue the monastic feat, spending all the time in prayers and fasting.

After some time, Ferapont, unable to stand the harshness of the terrain, left his friend and moved to another place, founding a monastery on the picturesque hill of Feraponti. Kirill remained alone, but soon monks from Simonov began to join him, and over time a monastery was formed. In 1397, the Monastery of the Most Holy Theotokos, known as Kyrylo-Bilozersky, was founded.

Saint Cyril introduced strict rules: monks were not allowed to have personal belongings, and only church books and icons could be kept in their cells, and even drinking water was forbidden. The abbot himself served as a bright example for the brothers.

For his faith and asceticism, Kyrylo Bilozerskyi (Biloezerskyi) received the gift of foresight from the Most High and was able to perform wonderful deeds. The monk died at the age of 90.

Folk beliefs and traditions

The holiday is also called the Solstice, because spring ends and the light returns to summer. It is the longest day of the year and the power of the Sun is enormous. Fearing that the sun's rays would burn the crop, the plants were not weeded or transplanted, but late seedlings were planted.

On Cyril's Day, strawberries ripened in the forests. There is a belief about this berry that it appeared after Jesus touched a strawberry bush with his lips. It was a responsible time for livestock farmers: if the rye blossomed, haymaking began.

Killing a mosquito was considered a good deed, because it was believed that by the solstice hundreds of new ones would appear in the place of one killed, and when the day ends, you will kill one bloodsucker, and hundreds will disappear with him.

Omens

  • A large number of berries – before the cold winter.
  • Ants are swarming around the anthill – it will be sunny, if you hid – prepare for bad weather.
  • It is gloomy, and the bees are flying – it will be dry.
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  • Crows don't stop screaming – wait for bad weather.
  • Swallows and swifts circle low above the ground before the rain.

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