Literature 5000 years ago. What could actually be the name of the first author of works in history
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Although writing originates in Mesopotamia in 3400 BC, the priestess of Enheduana composed poetry much earlier.
The oldest known writing is over five thousand years old. Mostly they appeared on the territory of modern Iraq – that is, in Mesopotamia. However, science does not very often mention who wrote them.
But what was the name of the first author on the planet, Live Science tried to figure out.
Today it is believed that writing was invented in 3400 BC. It originated in Sumer near the Persian Gulf. Then there were cuneiforms. They were created in a fairly simple way – a sharp tool was pressed into wet clay.
But in fact, a millennium before that, there was a princess, a priestess and a poetess. Her name was Endejuana. It is his name that can be associated with some existing texts of Mesopotamian literature.
She was the daughter of the Akkadian king Sargon. He lived around 2279-2334 BC. Once he was able to unite most of Mesopotamia under his rule. Thus, he laid an important foundation for the creation of the Akkadian Empire. This was the first formation when different states were under a single authority.
The king used his daughter to strengthen the new empire. He appointed her priestess of the Sumerian moon god Nanna in the city of Ur. After that, she received the name known to us. Today, historians know for sure that she had a huge impact. In addition, this priestess wrote poetry.
Certain works honor the goddess Nanna. But many works are devoted specifically to Innenna, the patroness of food, crops and fertility. In Enheduanna's writings, “Inna is both fierce and cruel, loving and kind.” She is capable of kindness, but also of cruelty.
Finally, Enheduanna talks about how these works came into being. For the first time in the history of literature, she uses metaphors. This happens by comparing creativity with childbirth.