Lost in the jungle. “Lidar” showed the scale of the Mayan city with apartment buildings
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Research of the area showed that Calakmul was one of the largest cities in America.
Researchers from The National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) and the archaeological project conducted a study of the Maya zone in Calakmul.
Using Lidar technology, they discovered the extent of the city's spread, lying under the cover of the jungle, writes Heritage Daily.
< p>Calakmul is located deep in the jungle of the large Peténian Basin region in the Mexican state of Campeche. The city was the capital of what has been called the Kingdom of the Snake, as evidenced by the widespread use of glyphs depicting the head of a serpent. They are better known as Kaan.
During its existence, the Calakmul region fought for leadership with the main state of Tikal in the south. During its heyday in the late classical period, the region is estimated to have had a population of around 50,000 inhabitants. In addition, it covered an area of more than seventy square kilometers.
INAH researchers, together with other institutions, conducted an aerial survey of Lidar in the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve. The shooting covered an area of 95 square meters. km. Lidar is a method of remote sensing. It uses light in the form of a pulsed laser to measure ranges to the Earth, known as variable distances.
At the same time, the difference in laser return and wavelength measurement helps generate 3-D digital terrain maps. It can eliminate interfering objects – for example, tree crowns. Therefore, in the end, the researchers saw only archaeological objects. They found that the cities were actively developing.
There were even apartment complexes of 60 separate buildings. Mostly they were built around temples, shrines and markets. The scale of development suggests that in 700 AD Calakmul was one of the largest cities in America.