Lula combative on the climate in front of a still divided COP27 | COP27

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Lula combative on the climate in front of a still divided COP27 | COP27

Brazilian President-elect Lula da Silva upon his arrival at COP27 in Sharm el-Sheikh

The visit of Brazilian President-elect Lula, who promised to protect the #x27;Amazonia, and the reaffirmation by the G20 summit in Bali of ambitious climate objectives gave a boost to the climate negotiations in Sharm el-Sheikh on Wednesday.

Brazil is back! repeatedly launched the future president of the Latin American giant, welcomed by an overexcited crowd that chanted his name.

He immediately offered to organize in 2025 the annual UN climate conference in the Amazon.

The largest tropical forest in the world, a carbon sink essential to the balance of the climate and of global biodiversity, is, according to scientists, today very fragile.

Outgoing President Jair Bolsonaro's tenure has indeed been marked by an explosion of deforestation in the Amazon and Lula has pledged to do whatever it takes to turn the tide and deliver on his zero deforestation pledge.

There will be no climate security in the world without a protected Amazon, he launched in front of an enthusiastic room, where among others the president had taken place of COP27 and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sameh Choukri.

For this first visit abroad since his election, Lula has also taken a clear position in the debates that are shaking the COP, calling in particular for the urgent creation of a special financial mechanism for help poor countries cope with the climate damage already suffered.

He also strongly criticized developed countries for failing to deliver on their 2009 promise of $100 billion a year in climate aid for climate change adaptation and greenhouse gas emission reductions. greenhouse gases in the poorest countries. I also came back to collect what had been promised, he launched.

Rich countries are also reluctant to have a special financing mechanism for the irreversible damage already suffered as a result of climate change. The European Union (EU), however, on Wednesday announced more than one billion euros to help Africa adapt to climate change.

On the other hand, it rejected a proposal from the G77+China group, which represents more than 130 emerging and poor countries, consisting in deciding at this COP to create a specific fund for these losses and damages.

Without excluding this possibility in the long term, the EU will propose a year of discussions, indicated the Vice-President of the European Commission, Frans Timmermans, who insisted that China, the world's second economic power, contribute to a possible funding mechanism.

In addition to the arrival of the Brazilian President-elect, COP27 delegates were reassured by the conclusions of the G20 summit in Bali.

These 20 countries, which account for 80% of global emissions, are indeed committed to continuing efforts to limit global warming to 1.5°C, the most ambitious objective of the Paris Agreement, a fundamental text in the fight against global warming.

< p class="e-p">They also spoke out for the reduction of inefficient fossil fuel subsidies, which are responsible for rising temperatures.

And Chinese Presidents Xi Jinping and American President Joe Biden, whose countries are respectively the world's largest and second-largest emitters of greenhouse gases, had a long one-on-one, pledging to relaunch their climate cooperation after heated diplomatic tensions.

The positive signals from the G20 summit should give a breath of fresh air to negotiations in Egypt as they enter their final days, commented Ani Dasgupta, president of the World Resources Institute think tank.

The 2015 Paris Agreement aims to limit warming to well below 2°C compared to pre-industrial times, and if possible below 1.5°C. While every tenth of a degree leads to more climate disasters, the signatories of the agreement committed last year at COP26 to keep the most ambitious goal alive.< /p>

According to observers, however, Saudi Arabia and China, members of the G20, have made known their reluctance, already expressed in the past, to see this reference again in the final text of COP27, as the world is heading towards a catastrophic warming of 2.8°C.

The Egyptian Presidency of COP27 was due to present late Wednesday or Thursday new draft texts statements on the main items on the agenda. Special Representative Wael Abdulmagd, however, stressed to the press that positions were often very clear-cut and that many points remained unresolved.

COP27 should officially end on Friday, but the negotiations generally overflow. Leaving here with nothing is not an option, stressed Conrod Hunte, lead negotiator for the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS), at the forefront of the loss and damage.

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