Odessa is the most important port on the entire Black Sea coast, crucial for the resumption of Ukrainian grain exports in the face of to the risk of famines in the world.
Russian strikes targeted the port of Odessa on Saturday. Ukraine thus accuses Vladimir Putin of having “spit in the face” of the UN and Turkey and of compromising the application of the agreement signed the day before on the resumption of cereals blocked by the war.
Odessa, the largest city on the entire Black Sea coast, is also the most important port there, crucial for the resumption of Ukrainian grain exports in the face of the risk of famines in the world.
While firing cruise missiles at the port of Odessa, the Russian President spat in the face of UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and Turkish President Recep [Tayyip] Erdogan, who deployed weapons. #x27;huge efforts to reach this agreement, said Ukrainian Foreign Ministry spokesman Oleg Nikolenko.
Ukraine immediately warned that Russia would take full responsibility if the grain export deal failed.
Un Odessa region administration spokesman Sergiy Brachuk claimed that two of the cruise missiles were shot down by air defense.
The Central Ukraine was not spared either with a resumption of Russian strikes on Saturday, which killed three people, after a lull in fighting that focused on Donbass.
< p class="e-p">Thirteen Russian cruise missiles launched from the sea fell near the town of Kropyvnytskyi, located in the Kirovograd region (center), announced its governor, Andriy Raikovych.
He has clarified that railway infrastructure and a military airfield were targeted near the town of Kropyvnytskyi.
Nine Ukrainian servicemen were injured and one soldier was killed, according to him.
These strikes come the day after the grain agreement that the belligerents initialed in two identical but separate texts, at the request of the Ukrainians, who refused to sign with the Russians.
The African Union welcomed the agreement on Saturday, hailing a welcome development for the continent, which faces an increased risk of famine.
The agreement should allow the export of 20 to 25 million tons of grain blocked in Ukraine.
Russia's invasion of Ukraine – two countries that provide 30% of world wheat exports in particular – has led to a spike in grain and oil prices that is hitting the African continent hard, which is very dependent on these countries for its supply.
This rise in prices has worsened the situation of countries already grappling with a food crisis, particularly in the Horn of Africa (Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, Djibouti), which is experiencing its worst drought in 40 years.
Wheat prices fell sharply on Friday in Chicago and on Euronext, returning to pre-war levels in Ukraine, in reaction to the deal.Start of the widget. Skip the widget? End of the widget. Back to the beginning of the widget?
The signing of this fiercely negotiated text under the auspices of the United Nations and Ankara took place in Istanbul, in the presence in particular of the Secretary General of the; UN, Antonio Guterres, and President Erdogan.
The conditions are met for its application in the coming days, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu assured shortly after.
Washington, which supports Ukraine against Russian aggression, placed responsibility for the success of the operation on Moscow. It is now up to Russia to concretely implement this agreement, underlined the number 3 of American diplomacy, Victoria Nuland.
Ukraine, for its part, was cautious.
It is now the responsibility of the UN to ensure compliance with the agreement, President Volodymyr Zelensky said in the evening, saying he was x27;expect provocations, attempts to discredit Ukrainian and international efforts.
President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky
The agreement fully corresponds to the interests of Ukraine, he however welcomed, adding that the Ukrainian military would continue to control 100% all access to ports, including Russia initially required mine clearance.
The main measure stemming from the agreement is the establishment of secure corridors to allow the movement in the Black Sea of merchant ships, which Moscow and kyiv undertake not to attack, explained a United Nations official
It will be valid for 120 days, the time to get out the approximately 25 million tons accumulated in the silos of Ukraine, while a new harvest approaches .
The negotiators, however, gave up on clearing the Black Sea of mines – mainly laid by the Ukrainians to protect their coasts. The UN has clarified that Ukrainian pilots will clear the way for cargo ships in territorial waters.
As for inspections of ships departing from and bound for Ukraine, demanded by Russia to prevent their use to bring weapons, they will take place in the ports of Istanbul.
A few hours before the signing, the Kremlin had pointed out that s& #x27;it was necessary that Ukrainian cereals reach the world markets, it was also necessary to allow the markets to receive additional volumes of fertilizers and Russian cereals, the export of which was hampered by Western sanctions.
In addition, Washington on Friday announced a new tranche of military aid to Ukraine to the tune of $270 million, including four new artillery systems Himars precision drones, and up to 500 Phoenix Ghost kamikaze drones.