The Russian giant Gazprom will reduce by 20%, from Wednesday, its gas deliveries to Europe via the Nord Stream gas pipeline.
Moscow announced on Monday a new drastic cut in gas deliveries to Europe, reigniting the gas battle between Russia and the West, while kyiv hopes to resume grain exports “as early as this week”.
Russian gas giant Gazprom announced on Monday that it would drastically reduce Russian gas deliveries to Europe via the Nord Stream pipeline to 33 million cubic meters a day from Wednesday, citing the need for maintenance of the pipeline. #x27;a turbine.
The German Economics Ministry, however, has claimed that there is no technical reason for further cuts Delivery. According to Berlin, this is a pretext and a political decision to influence Westerners in the context of the conflict in Ukraine.
For his part, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky considered that Russia was waging an open gas war against united Europe and called on the latter to retaliate by tightening sanctions.
The West accuses Moscow of using the energy weapon in retaliation for the sanctions adopted after the offensive against Ukraine.
Meanwhile, grain exports blocked in Ukraine since the start of the Russian invasion on February 24 are expected to resume as early as this week, Ukrainian Infrastructure Minister Oleksandr Kubrakov said, following a agreement concluded on July 22 in Istanbul between kyiv, Moscow and Turkey, under the aegis of the UN.
In a telephone interview with Mr. Koubrakov, the Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar expressed Turkey's satisfaction with the announcement.
It is important that a first ship can leave as soon as possible, he said. Work continues intensely at the Joint Coordination Center, he added without giving a date. This center will be responsible for conducting inspections of ships leaving and returning from the Black Sea, as required by Moscow.
According to Mr. Kubrakov, the obstruction main factor in the resumption of exports is the risk of Russian bombardments, as illustrated by the strike that targeted the port of Odessa on the Black Sea, vital for this trade, on Saturday.
Russia claimed on Monday that its strikes on Odessa targeted military targets and did not hinder the resumption of grain exports. Moscow claimed to have destroyed in this port in southern Ukraine a warship and missiles supplied by the United States.
Vladimir Putin denies blackmailing.
The bombings on Odessa are only aimed at military infrastructure, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said.
Oleksandre Kubrakov for his part called on the guarantors of the agreement, Turkey and the UN, to guarantee the safety of the Ukrainian convoys. If the parties do not guarantee security, it will not work, he warned.
Deputy Infrastructure Minister Yury Vaskov said the port of Chornomorsk (southwest) would be the first to operate for exports, followed by those of Odessa and Pivdenny (southwest) .
The agreement signed on Friday provides for secure corridors for the movement of merchant ships in the Black Sea.
It should enable the export of 20 to 25 million tonnes of grain blocked in Ukraine and facilitate Russian agricultural exports, thus reducing the risk of a food crisis in the world.
The export of wheat, corn and sunflower from Ukraine was 90% by sea and for the most part through Odessa, the main Ukrainian port in the Black Sea, which concentrated 60% of the country's port activity.
Ukraine and Russia supply about 30% of world wheat exports, and the war has led to a surge in wheat prices. cereals and oils, which has hit the African continent particularly hard.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov is currently visiting Africa to reassure countries heavily dependent on Ukrainian grain.
On the ground, the war knows no respite on the fronts of Mykolaiv (south), in the Kharkiv region (northeast), the second of the major cities of Ukraine, in that of Kherson (south) and in the two territories pro-Russian separatists from Donetsk and Luhansk in the east.
Rescue workers try to find victims in the debris after a Russian strike in the Kharkiv region on July 25, 2022.
In Kherson, which the Russians seized on March 3, the situation remains critical with shortages of medicine, food and hygiene products, Dmytro Boutry, head of the military administration, said on Monday. region.
He also assured that Ukrainian forces had regained control of 44 villages in the region and targeted three bridges to complicate Russian logistics.
The Ukrainian Army General Staff announced in its latest Facebook update on Monday evening that Russian troops had achieved partial success near the Vougleguirsk thermal power plant in Donbass, although they suffered losses while trying to advance towards the Ukrainian stronghold of Bakhmut in the Donetsk region.
Against this background, Germany began delivering cannons to the Ukrainians on Monday. Gepard anti-aircraft.
We expect 15 Gepard. Three of them arrived in Ukraine today, Ukrainian Defense Minister Oleksiy Reznikov said on Monday, quoted by Interfax-Ukraine news agency.
Polish PT-91 Twardy tanks have also arrived in Ukraine, Andriy Iermak, the head of the Ukrainian presidential administration, wrote on Twitter on Monday.
While the war entered its sixth month on Sunday, Ukraine, winners of Eurovision 2022, welcomed the fact that the next competition will take place in the United Kingdom, after denouncing in June the decision to withdraw the title. x27;hosting of the 2023 edition due to the Russian invasion.