Most Educated Workforce: Canada Leads G7 Countries

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Highest Educated Workforce: Canada Leads G7 Countries

At the university level, those with a bachelor's degree or above increased by 19.1% among the working-age population between 2016 and 2021.

Canada leads the G7 countries in having the most educated workforce, thanks to immigrants, young adults and a strong college sector, but it suffers significant losses in certificate holders apprenticeships in key trades areas, reveals the latest data from Statistics Canada.

Overall, one in three Canadians holds an apprenticeship. a bachelor's degree or higher. This is particularly thanks to immigrants and young adults.

The proportion of the population with a bachelor's degree or higher has continued to rise due to an influx of highly educated immigrants and the growing number of young adults earning a bachelor's or degree. superior, can we read in the Statistics Canada report.

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In fact, recent immigrants to the country are responsible for nearly half of the growth in the proportion of Canadians with a bachelor's degree or higher.

According to the 2021 Census, immigrants and non-permanent residents in Canada make up more than half of the working-age population with a doctorate (55.8%), master's degree (52.2%) or medical degree , dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry (50.8%) and represented 39.1% of those with a bachelor's degree.

Furthermore, in 2021, immigrants accounted for nearly one in four people in Canada (23%). This is not only the highest level ever recorded in a Canadian census, but also the highest proportion compared to other G7 countries. Of these, 59.4% had a bachelor's degree or higher.

But many opportunities are missed out on in Canada's immigrant population, and the talents of many of them remain underutilized: more than a quarter of all immigrants with a bachelor's degree or higher obtained abroad have a job that requires, at most, a high school diploma.

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The overqualification of immigrants who obtained a degree abroad is a long-standing problem, underlines Statistics Canada, particularly in the field of health.

“If immigrants…could find jobs in their field at the same rate as the population educated in Canada , this could increase…the potential number of registered nurses or workers in closely related professions by 27,350 and the number of physicians by 15,730.”

—Statistics Canada< /blockquote>

Another key factor is the strength of the college sector in Canada. Nearly 1 in 4 people of working age (24.6%) had a college certificate or diploma or similar in 2021, a higher proportion than any other G7 country.

At the university level, those with a bachelor's degree or above increased by 19.1% among the working-age population between 2016 and 2021. These increases are even greater in fields of healthcare (24.1%) and computer and information sciences (46.3%).

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Despite this increase, Canada was in the middle of the pack in the proportion of the population with a bachelor's degree or higher (32.9%), ranking fourth among G7 countries, behind the UK (41.3%), the US (39.5%) and Japan (34.2%).

Ontario is the province with the highest proportion of people aged 25 to 64 with a university degree among its population. Nunavut is in last place.

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Women were still more likely than men to have a bachelor's degree or higher in 2021. For example, 39.7% of Canadian-born young women (aged 25 to 34) had a university degree in 2021, compared to 25.7% of Canadian-born young men. However, the proportion of young Canadian-born men with a university degree has increased more rapidly than in the past.

In contrast, the number of working-age people with an apprenticeship certificate in a trade stagnated or declined in three main areas: construction trades (+0.6%), mechanical and repair technologies (-7.8%) and precision work (-10.0%), as fewer young workers replace retiring baby boomers.

The number of job vacancies in some industries related to these trades, such as construction and fabricated metal products, reached all-time highs in 2022, the report reads.

First Nations, Métis, and Inuit people are among the youngest populations in Canada, and their current and future educational pathways have significant implications for Canadian society as the population grows. of the country is aging, writes Statistics Canada.

And First Nations, Métis and Inuit face significant gaps in high school and post-secondary graduation, but the proportion of graduates within these populations increased between 2016 and 2021.

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Workers with a bachelor's degree or higher had greater job security during the pandemic, the report says, in part because they were more likely to x27;working in triple-protected jobs.

Triple-protected jobs refer to permanent jobs (for an indefinite period) rather than temporary or casual jobs; jobs that cannot be easily automated; and jobs that are more pandemic-resistant, since they are more suitable for remote working, are compatible with physical distancing, or are deemed essential by authorities.

On the one hand, wages for workers with college degrees increased from 2019 to 2020 during the pandemic by an average of $1,600. On the other hand, those of workers with less than a bachelor's degree of education fell by an average of $2,040.

Since then, the situation for men with an apprenticeship certificate in a trade has generally recovered from the effects of the pandemic.

In contrast, women with an apprenticeship certificate in a trade experienced the largest declines in employment rates from 2016 to 2021 (-7.7 percentage points), particularly in reason for field of study.

Almost half (48.0%) of working-age women with an apprenticeship certificate have studied related to culinary, entertainment and personal services, including hairdressing […] Hairdressing salons and restaurants were among the first businesses to have to close their doors.

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