Mysterious goddess. 2700-year-old fragments in Spain helped to learn more about religion in Egypt

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Mysterious goddess. 2700-year-old fragments in Spain helped to learn more about religion in Egypt

On the found ceramics, archaeologists saw the legendary Hathor, the patroness of love and joy.

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On one of the three hills in the Spanish Salamanca, archaeologists were excavating. Back in 1990, researchers discovered a fenced Iron Age settlement here.

Recently, an unusual ancient Egyptian relic was discovered on the hill of Cerro de San Vicente, writes Heritage Daily.

The area of ​​​​the settlement occupies about 1.2 hectares. It is over 2700 years old. For the past thirty years, archaeologists have explored about a thousand square meters.

Under the leadership of Juan Jesus Padilla and Anton Blanca, the last excavations were carried out. During the work, they were able to discover special ancient artifacts. Painted ceramics and amulets with motifs of Egyptian and Eastern Mediterranean origin fell into the hands of the team.

Ceramics attracted the most attention. It is part of a ceramic gold leaf inlay. The find depicts the goddess Hathor. In ancient Egyptian mythology, she was the patroness of the sky, joys, love, etc. She was also the wife of the god Horus and the daughter of the god Ra. It is assumed that the goddess is symbolically the mother of the earthly representatives of these deities – that is, the pharaohs.

Mysterious goddess. 2700 year old fragments in Spain helped to learn more about religion in Egypt

Mysterious goddess. 2700-year-old fragments in Spain helped to learn more about religion in Egypt

Individual fragments of the artifact put together a 5 cm long relic. They show the lower part of Hathor's hair with her curls. Archaeologists note that any part was formed in an impeccable way, so that it would fit the support base. It is believed that this was done with glue or resin. It is planned to find out with the help of analysis.

Pottery was found in the walls of a large megaron. Next to it was a piece of amphora with drawings of flowers, as well as beads and a shark tooth.

It is not yet clear how exactly the image of the ancient Egyptian goddess came to Spain. However, there is an assumption. It is believed that the Phoenician delegation could bring pottery. However, there is another theory. According to him, the inhabitants of the settlements adopted the culture of the Eastern Mediterranean.

Currently, both theories are confirmed by preliminary excavations. In 2021, the team discovered an amulet depicting the goddess Hathor.