NASA space station in orbit of the moon can cause claustrophobia in astronauts: what's wrong with it
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The space inside the new space station will be so small that astronauts won't be able to stand there.
According to one of the architects of the Gateway orbital station, which will orbit the moon, the living quarters here will be so tiny that astronauts will not be able to stand inside, and it will also make it difficult for them to move, writes Space .
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NASA, together with other space agencies, plans to start building a new space station near the Moon in the coming years. By the end of the 2020s, the Gateway station should begin to receive the first astronauts on board. The size of the station will be only 1/6 of the size of the ISS, and it is the small size of the station that can cause a lot of inconvenience to astronauts.
According to René Waclavicek, one of the architects of the future lunar space station, several astronauts will be in the same module at the same time. But the size of this module is only 2 by 2 meters or 8 cubic meters. Although there will be other rooms, but they are not many, and they are just as small.
“Imagine being locked in such a small room, and you are not alone there. It can be claustrophobic,” Waclavicek says.
The architect was involved in the creation of one of two astronaut accommodation modules called I- Hab, which will be connected to the HALO science module. According to Vaclavicek, when working on the project, the architects had to take into account the fact that this station would be located near the moon. This means that it cannot have the same dimensions as the ISS due to difficulties in delivering the overall segments to the Earth's satellite.
“Originally, we considered a main module 6 meters long and 4.5 meters in diameter. But in the end we had to reduce the dimensions, resulting in an internal cross section measuring only 1.2 m by 1.2 m. And most of the internal The volume is occupied by machinery, so it is, in fact, just a corridor where it is very difficult to turn around,” says Vaclavicek.
According to the architect, the I-Hab module is simply a cylinder with a hatch at each end and two hatches on the sides. There was also a place for a small personal space for the astronauts to close in.
“Even if you want to fly past each other down a corridor, this it will be difficult to do it already, because you need to leave all your affairs so that another astronaut passes by, “says Waclavicek.
But staying aboard the Gateway station will be challenging for many reasons, not just the cramped living quarters. According to the architect of the station, most of the module will be occupied by noisy and vibrating life support equipment, the constant hum of which will probably greatly annoy the astronauts.
For example, on the ISS, there is one large viewing window, which is located in the Dome module “. Here the astronauts spend every free minute. But such pleasure is not expected at the new lunar station, and this is due to the complexity of the design. The architects plan to place small windows in the station's gateway.
NASA plans to send the HALO module to the Moon as early as 2024, and the I-Hab module in 2027. Now the architects have begun to create a life-size model of the station in order to test the interaction of astronauts with the environment.
Focus has already written that the first phase of NASA's lunar program is successful ended in December last year. The unmanned Orion spacecraft has returned to Earth, and now astronauts will board it next year and fly to the moon. But only in 2025, NASA planned the landing of astronauts on the surface of our satellite, and the previous manned flight will only be a test phase before returning a man to the moon after 50 years.
As for the ISS, as Focus already wrote , NASA is looking for ways to help astronauts who may not be able to return to Earth with the Russian Soyuz spacecraft. For this, a SpaceX spacecraft will probably be used.