This photo released by the IAEA in November 2019 shows centrifuges at the Natanz plant in Iran.
While Washington announced new sanctions against the Iranian oil sector on Monday, Tehran was optimistic about the resumption of negotiations on the nuclear file.
US sanctions target companies transporting Iranian oil.
The United States is designating six entities facilitating illicit transactions related to Iranian oil as well as petroleum and petrochemical products, the Iranian government's main sources of revenue, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said in a statement. communicated.
Washington thus targets the companies Pioneer Ship Management and Golden Warrior Shipping – and its ship, the Glory Harvest – for having participated in the transport and logistical management of Iranian oil.
For its part, the Treasury Department reports economic sanctions against four other companies, used by the Iranian Gulf Petrochemical Industry Commercial (PGPICC), one of the largest petrochemical brokers in the world. country, to facilitate the sale of tens of millions of dollars of Iranian oil and petrochemicals produced from Iran to East Asia, according to a separate statement.
Until Iran is ready to return to full implementation of the JCPOA (the nuclear deal), we will continue to use sanctions to target exports of oil, petroleum products and petrochemical products from Iran, warned the head of American diplomacy.
Negotiations to resuscitate the nuclear agreement have been suspended for several weeks, but last Tuesday, the head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrel, sent the Iranians a draft compromise with a view to unblocking negotiations that have been stalled since March.
European Foreign Minister Josep Borrell at a press conference
We remain optimistic that the negotiation process will lead us to a logical and reasonable outcome, Foreign Ministry spokesman Nasser Kanani said in his weekly press conference. After reviewing the text proposed by Mr. Borrell, it is possible that in the near future we can come to a conclusion regarding the timing of the negotiations, Mr. Kanani said. But it depends entirely on the will of the other side, especially the American side, he pointed out.
At the end of June, Qatar organized indirect talks between Iran and the United States – which withdrew from the agreement in 2018 under the presidency of Donald Trump – in the hope of handing over the Vienna process on track, but these discussions were interrupted after two days without any progress.
According to Mr. Borrell, the proposed text addresses in detail the lifting of sanctions imposed on Iran and the nuclear measures necessary to restore the nuclear pact of 2015 says JCPOA.
On Monday evening, Iran Atomic Energy Organization (AEIO) spokesman Behrouz Kamalvandi told state television that the organization had started supplying gas hundreds of new centrifuges, including the advanced IR-6 centrifuges.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has already been informed of this action, he added, without specifying what the rate of recovery will be. #x27;enrichment.
The IAEA reported in July that Tehran had started powering the cascade of advanced centrifuges at a uranium enrichment plant recently modified for greater efficiency.
On July 17, Kamal Kharazi, chairman of the Strategic Council for International Relations, told Al-Jazeera TV that his country had the technical capabilities to build a nuclear bomb while pointing out that his country had not taken the decision to manufacture an atomic bomb.
Mr. Kharrazi also said Iran has been carrying out extensive maneuvers to be able to hit Israel if its sensitive facilities are targeted.
Israel opposes reaching an Iranian nuclear deal.
The head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Rafael Grossi
Concluded by Iran and six powers (Russia, United States, China, France, United United and Germany), the JCPOA aims to guarantee the civilian nature of Iran's nuclear program, accused of seeking to acquire atomic weapons despite its denials, in exchange for a gradual lifting of international sanctions that hit the Iranian economy.
But following the 2018 unilateral withdrawal of the United States under the leadership of Donald Trump and the reinstatement of American sanctions, Tehran gradually freed itself from its obligations.
Iran thus exceeded the uranium enrichment rate of 3.67% set by the JCPOA, rising to 20% at the beginning of 2021. Then it crossed the unprecedented threshold of 60%, approaching the 90% necessary to make a bomb.
With information from Agence France-Presse, and Al-Jazeera