North Korea enshrined its nuclear state status in the Constitution, “no one is allowed à “to flout”, declared North Korean number 1, in a speech reported Thursday by the official press, dimming hopes of denuclearization.
“The policy of building the nuclear force of the DPRK (Democratic People's Republic of Korea, editor's note) has become permanent as a basic law of the state,” announced Kim Jong Un, using the official acronym of South Korea. North.
He added, during a meeting of the People's Assembly held on Tuesday and Wednesday, “that no one is authorized to flout” the fundamental law of the State, according to the official KCNA agency.
A year ago, North Korea, which has already carried out six nuclear tests from 2006 to 2017, announced a new doctrine making its status as a nuclear power “irreversible”, and authorizing it to carry out a preventive atomic strike in case of existential threat against his regime.
By this time including the status of a nuclear state in the Constitution itself, the Assembly went even further.
Undated photo released by North Korea's Kcna news agency on September 28, 2023, shows North Korean leader Kim Jong Un during the 9th session of the 14th Supreme People's Assembly of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in Pyongyang © KCNA VIA KNS – STR
The North Korean number 1 also accused Washington, Seoul and Tokyo of having formed a “triangular military alliance” which he compared to “an Asian version of NATO “: “This is the worst real threat, not threatening rhetoric or an imaginary entity.”
Faced with this “threat”, according to the leader, it is essential for North Korea “to accelerate the modernization of its nuclear weapons to maintain a definitive advantage in the deterrence strategy”.
Mr. Kim stressed the need to strengthen nuclear arsenal production and “diversify the types of nuclear strikes,” according to KCNA.
– “Absolutely unacceptable” –
Pyongyang's nuclear strategy is “absolutely unacceptable” for Japan, which has said it aims for “the full implementation of dedicated United Nations Security Council resolutions and the complete denuclearization of North Korea.”
The alliance formed by the United States, South Korea and Japan “strongly condemned” the North Korean initiative, South Korean diplomacy said following discussions with its counterparts in Washington and Tokyo.
The trio agreed to “intensify a comprehensive approach” involving deterrence and diplomacy in order to “create an environment in which North Korea will have no choice but to denuclearize,” it said. the South Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
“Nuclear force is becoming a permanent fact” in North Korea, Yang Moon-jin, president of the University of North Korean studies in Seoul, and “this further removes the prospect of denuclearization of North Korea.”
< /p> North Korean Ambassador to the UN Kim Song at the podium of the General Assembly, September 26, 2023 in New York © UNITED NATIONS – Cia Pak
Tuesday at the podium of the UN, Pyongyang had warned, through its ambassador to the United Nations, that the Korean peninsula was “on the verge of a nuclear war”, pointing the finger at American policy in Asia.
Western observers fear that Pyongyang will carry out a new nuclear test, the seventh in its history, the first since 2017.
“If North Korea uses nuclear weapons, its regime will be stopped by a response crushing of the US-South Korean alliance,” warned South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol.
North Korea has increased its testing of banned weapons this year. In the last of these tests, on September 13, it fired two short-range ballistic missiles, while Mr. Kim was in Russia for a summit with Russian President Vladimir Putin.
< /p>Photo released by North Korea's Kcna news agency on August 31, 2023 shows North Korean leader Kim Jong Un (L) inspecting the training command post of the General Staff of the Korean People's Army (CPA) , at an unspecified location, on August 29, 2023 © KCNA VIA KNS – STR
Last month, Pyongyang failed in its second attempt to put a spy satellite into orbit.
In response, South Korea and the United States have strengthened their defense cooperation, organizing joint exercises as well as naval maneuvers with Japan.
Relations between the two Koreas are at their lowest point in years and diplomacy at a standstill. They have technically still been at war since 1953, as it was an armistice and not a peace treaty that ended their three-year armed conflict.
On September 2, North Korea organized a “tactical nuclear attack simulation” exercise with mock atomic warheads attached to two long-range cruise missiles that were fired into the ocean, according to KCNA.
The state agency had presented this operation as a response to joint military activities between Washington and Seoul which, according to it, have aggravated tensions in the region.
Russian President Vladimir Putin (d) and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un (l) during a meeting at the Vostochny cosmodrome, September 13, 2023 in Russia © POOL – Vladimir SMIRNOV
Mr Kim's week-long visit to Russia, his first abroad since the coronavirus pandemic, has revived Western fears that Moscow and Pyongyang will defy sanctions.
Moscow would be interested in purchasing North Korean munitions for its offensive in Ukraine, while Pyongyang would like Russia's help to develop its missile program.
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