October solar eclipse: when is it and where and how will it be seen in Barcelona and the rest of Spain?

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October solar eclipse: when is it and where and how will it be seen in Barcelona and the rest of Spain?

Astronomy fans have a new appointment. This Tuesday, October 25, a spectacular visual phenomenon arrives in Barcelonaand part of the eastern, northern and northwestern regions of Spain: the Moon's shadow will cover a part of the Sun during noon and will form a partial solar eclipse.

An eclipse occurs when there is a perfect alignment (or almost) of the Sun, the Moon and the Earth itself< /strong>. If there is a  Sun-Earth-Moon alignment, it is our satellite that enters the shadow of the Earth and we have a Eclipse of the Moon . If the The alignment is Sun-Moon-Earth, it is the Moon that leaves us in the shadow and an eclipse of the Sun is produced.

More than 4 hours

Unlike a total solar eclipse, in which the Moon completely blocks the light from this satellite, causing momentary darkness, the eclipse of October 25 will be 4 hours. partial, covering about 82% of the solar disk. That is, the sun will be seen in the shape of a crescent and will have an approximate duration of 244 minutes (just over 4 hours). It can be seen in most of Europe, western Asia and northeastern Africa and it is estimated that the start of the astronomical phenomenon in Spain will at 11:33 a.m. peninsular time, having its peak at 12:07 p.m. in Barcelona and ending almost at 12:43 p.m., after almost 70 minutes (just over an hour), according to the Geográ; National fico.

October solar eclipse: when is it and where and how will it be seen in Barcelona and the rest of Spain?

Like this it will be seen the partial solar eclipse in Barcelona on October 25, 2022.

National Geographic Institute

In Spain it will reach a maximum magnitude of 0.12 in Girona, 0.10 in Barcelona and below 0.10 in the rest of Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, Aragon, Navarra, La Rioja, the Basque Country, Cantabria, Asturias and the north of the Valencian Community and Castilla y León.

In Barcelona, ​​the weather forecast indicates that it will not be very difficult to see, since there will be little cloudiness (between 12 and 17%).

Some associations have set up systems to follow it live, such as the Parc Astronòmic del Montsec.

121 years

Every year, we have a minimum of two Solar eclipses, being able to reach, in exceptional cases, a maximum of five. The one of the next day 25 will be the second and last partial eclipse of the year, after the one that took place last April 30.

To see a total solar eclipse, there will still be ; to wait almost four years, until August 12, 2026, in the late afternoon. Since 1905, Spain has not witnessed a total eclipse of the Sun, that is, when the king star is completely covered by the Moon and, therefore, it becomes night in broad daylight. After so much waiting, Spain will In this same decade, enjoy three major solar eclipses in consecutive years. The first will be in 2026 and the next, in 2027. But, in addition, in 2028 there will be another, this one of annular type, equally exceptional. It will undoubtedly be the ‘decade of solar eclipses’ for our country.

The first, August 2026, will be the first one. visible along a 290-kilometre-wide swath that will include cities such as A Coruña, Gijón, Oviedo, Santander, Valladolid, Vitoria, Zaragoza, Valencia, Castellón, Tarragona and the Balearic Islands. Both Madrid and Barcelona will be left out of the totality zone for very little, which will not May the phenomenon continue to be spectacular.

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