Over 2,000 mummified ram heads found in Temple of Ramses II

Spread the love

Over 2000 mummified rams heads found in Temple of Ramses II

A mummified ram's head discovered in the temple of Ramses II, in the ancient city of Abydos

More than 2,000 mummified ram's heads dating back to the Ptolemaic era have been discovered in the Temple of Ramses II in the ancient city of Abydos in southern Egypt, the ministry said of Antiquities and Tourism in a press release.

Mummies of sheep, dogs, goats, cows, gazelles and mongooses were also exhumed by a team of American archaeologists from New York University on this site famous for its temples and necropolises.

The rams' heads would have been offered “as offerings”, indicating “a cult to Ramesses II celebrated 1000 years after his death”.

According to the director of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, Mostafa Waziri , these discoveries will shed light on the Temple of Ramesses II and the activities that took place there between its construction in the Sixth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom (between 2374 and 2140 BC). .-C.) and the Ptolemaic period (from 323 to 30 BC).

For Professor Sameh Iskandar, head of the American mission and quoted in the same press release, these ram's heads are offerings, indicating a cult to Ramses II celebrated 1000 years after his death.

In addition to the remains of mummified animals, the team discovered the remains of a palace with walls about five meters thick dating from the Sixth Dynasty, as well as several statues, papyri, remains of ancient trees, leather clothes and shoes.

Located 550 km south of Cairo and famous in antiquity for having housed the tomb of Osiris, the god of the dead, the predynastic site of Abydos is known for its temples, notably that of Seti I and its necropolises.

The authorities of Egypt regularly announce archaeological discoveries in recent times, qualified by some experts as; announcement effects having a political and economic significance more than a scientific one.

It's that the country of nearly 105 million people, in serious economic crisis, relies on tourism – which employs two million people and generates more 10% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – to fix its finances; his government is targeting 30 million tourists a year by 2028, up from 13 million before COVID-19.

Many critics, however, point to the dilapidated state of some archaeological sites and museums.

Previous Article
Next Article