Peru: early elections and diplomatic crisis with Mexico

Spread the love

P&eacute ;rou: early elections and diplomatic crisis with Mexico

Supporters of the deposed president demonstrate in Cusco in the south of the country.

Peru's presidential election has been brought forward to April 2024 by parliament, hoping to end the unrest sparked by the impeachment of President Pedro Castillo, whose fate is now fueling a diplomatic crisis with Mexico.

As the country is gripped by major protests, Congress on Tuesday voted to advance the general election from 2026 to April 2024. In plenary session, the proposal, which required 87 votes in favor, received 93. There were 30 votes against and one abstention.

The ballot also establishes that the current president, Dina Boluarte, will give way in July 2024 to the winner of the presidential election.

Congress President José Williams, however, explained at the end of the session that the reform, for it to enter into force, must still be validated by a new vote in the coming months.

According to polls, 83% of citizens are in favor of early elections to end the crisis, triggered by the dismissal on December 7 of left-wing president Pedro Castillo.

The latter had tried to shut down Congress, in addition to intervening in the judicial system, governing by decree and calling for a constituent assembly. Protests have since broken out and, according to the latest report from the ombudsman's office, 21 people have been killed and more than 650 injured in clashes with security forces.

Pedro Castillo had been arrested for rebellion while on his way to the Mexican Embassy, ​​where he wanted to seek asylum.

The Peruvian government has granted safe conduct to the family of the ousted president so that they can leave the country, in application of international conventions.

Mr. Castillo's wife and two minor children have been at the Mexican Embassy in Lima since Tuesday morning and have been granted diplomatic asylum there, Mexican Foreign Minister Marcelo confirmed. Ebrard.

The Peruvian government, which perceived Mexican President Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador's support for Pedro Castillo as interference, declared persona non grata the Mexican ambassador in Lima, Pablo Monroy, and gave him 72 hours to leave the country.

Mexico reacted with an official press release, recalling its ambassador in order to preserve his safety and physical integrity, while ensuring that its diplomatic representation would continue to function normally, and saying that it firmly believed in dialogue.

At the end of 2021, the Mexican president had supported his Peruvian counterpart by criticizing the attempts of Congress to remove him from office.

Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador, together with other left-wing leaders in Latin America (Argentina, Bolivia and Colombia), reiterated his support for Pedro Castillo after December 7 and the failed coup. .

Peruvian Foreign Minister Ana Cecilia Gervasi recalled that Mr. Castillo's wife, Lilia Paredes, was the subject of a investigation by the Peruvian Public Ministry. She is suspected of being a possible coordinator in a criminal organization that her husband allegedly led.

She said the Peruvian government would reserve the right to request his extradition if local justice required it.

President Boluarte, in office for 13 days after being Pedro Castillo's vice-president, has announced that she will reshuffle her government and change prime minister. She says she wants to put in place more experienced political figures to find solutions to the crisis.

The Ministry of Transport said that operations had resumed at the Inca Manco Capac airport in Juliaca, in the region of Puno (south), after six days of closure in reason for demonstrations.

Visits to the famous Machu Picchu have been suspended since December 14 to maintain the safety of tourists.

Demonstrations were still held on Tuesday in the south of the country. In Cusco (southeast), hundreds of people, mostly women dressed in traditional outfits, marched before burning a cardboard coffin with the effigy of Dina Boluarte.

Previous Article
Next Article