Portraits from the Old Kingdom. Archaeologists have found rare artifacts from the Roman and Ptolemaic periods
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Archaeologists continue excavations in the Egyptian city of Fayum and find incredible artifacts of ancient civilizations.
Fayum (ancient Egyptian Shedit) was founded in the era of the Old Kingdom. They also worshiped the ancient god Sebek – the Crocodile. In Ptolemaic times, Fayum was called Ptolemais Evrgetis, and the city became the center of the cult of Alexander the Great, writes HeritageDaily.
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Archaeologists have been excavating at the Garza site since 2016. It was here that a large burial structure was discovered at the end of the last season. The settlement of Garza (formerly known as Philadelphia) was founded by Ptolemy II Philadelphus in the 3rd century BC. e.
The found structure is built of stone blocks, and inside there are numerous burial chambers carved into the rocks or lined with stone. Within the main structure, the floor is finished with lime mortar and painted in colors reminiscent of a chessboard.
In addition, many artifacts were found, in particular, decorated wooden coffins in the ancient Egyptian and ancient Greek styles, ceramics, a richly decorated wooden box, and a few more Fayum portraits.
For the first time in a long time after the excavations of the British archaeologist Flinders Petrie in Khavari in 1887 and 1910-11 and the discovery of the so-called “Tomb of Alina” by von Kaufman, Fayum portraits were found.
< p>These portraits are a kind of naturalistic pictorial portrait on wooden boards attached to high class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of painting on wood, one of the most respected in antiquity.