Pre-COP27 in Kinshasa for the big November meeting in Egypt
Eve Bazaiba (d), Deputy Prime Minister for Environment and Sustainable Development of the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Amina Mohammed (g), Secretary General United Nations Deputy in Kinshasa, DRC
“Do more” to fight against climate change and to help poor countries deal with it: the tone was set Monday in Kinshasa, as soon as the work of a preparatory meeting for the annual conference on the climate (COP27) in November in Egypt.
For two days, this pre-COP27 brings together in the capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) the ministers of the country; Environment and high-ranking specialists from around 60 countries.
They discuss the usual themes of climate negotiations: adaptation, mitigation, finance, loss and damage, while multiple bilateral meetings take place between Europeans, Africans, Asians, Americans…
No formal announcement is expected, but discussions should take stock of possible progress and obstacles to fear during the COP27 scheduled for Sharm-el-Sheikh from November 6 to 18.
< p class="e-p">As expected, COP and pre-COP being organized on the African continent, the accent was placed from the first interventions on the accompaniment of the countries of the South by the industrialized and polluting countries.
In their opening speeches, the Prime Minister of the DRC, Jean-Michel Sama Lukonde, and his Minister of the Environment, Eve Bazaïba, recalled that Africa does not x27;was only responsible for 4% of global greenhouse gas emissions and sequestered more than it emitted.
But, they said, like all other developing regions, it will find it increasingly difficult to choose between the fight against the extreme poverty which is decimating it and the heavy bill to pay for adaptation to climate change, if industrialized countries do not offer it substantial technological and financial alternatives.
“We need oxygen, we also need bread”
— Eve Bazaïba, DRC Environment Minister
After meeting her in the afternoon, John Kerry, US Special Envoy for the climate, said he was convinced that it was possible to find a balance between the need to protect the Congo Basin and the requirements of development and job creation.
At the previous COP, in November 2021 in Glasgow, the international community reaffirmed its objective of limiting global warming to 1.5°C compared to the pre-industrial era, a target set in 2015 by the x27;Paris Agreement, but for the time being out of reach, since we are already at almost 1.2°C.
Poor countries had asked for a specific mechanism to take into account the losses and damages (or damages) caused by climate change, to which they are most exposed. The rich countries had rejected this demand and only conceded the holding until 2024 of a dialogue on the modalities of financing.
All questions at the agenda are important, but when it comes to funding, the picture is not reassuring, acknowledged Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry, President of COP27.
On all items on the agenda, Amina Mohammed, Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, also admitted that progress was essential, particularly on loss and damage, in the name of international solidarity and confidence.
The Congolese Minister of the Environment deplored a tendency to trivialize the non-respect of international commitments, such as that of increasing to 100 billion dollars per year helping developing countries fight climate change.
Regarding access to climate funds by forest countries, Ms. Bazaïba regretted that the conditions imposed were real barriers, according to her.
The DRC takes advantage of the pre-COP to present itself as a solution country. In addition to its resources in key minerals for the energy transition (copper, cobalt, lithium, etc.), the immense country of Central Africa has some 155 million hectares of tropical forest, which makes it a green lung capable of absorbing carbon and contributing to the fight against climate change.
But the government also defends the country's right to exploit its oil, a project strongly criticized by organizations for the defense of the environment.
The Congolese Prime Minister recalled that certain European countries had returned to the use of sources of x27;polluting energies that they had previously banned, in order to compensate for the energy deficit caused by the war in Ukraine. We must avoid falling into arbitrariness, with some States free to continue or even increase their emissions, and others prevented from exploiting their natural resources, he asked .
Our forests are dying at a crazy rate, we children are the first victims, came to tell the ceremony about fifty children, by asking the leaders sitting in front of them to do more to leave them a breathable world.