Protective amulet. Scientists have discovered unusual tattoos on female mummies from ancient Egypt (photo)

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Protective amulet. On women's Scientists have discovered unusual tattoos on mummies from Ancient Egypt (photo)

Researchers believe that some mothers got tattoos that were meant for protection during childbirth and the postpartum period.

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Tattoos on the lower back, which some women do now, no longer surprise anyone. But this is not an invention of the early 21st century, because new archaeological evidence indicates that such tattoos were made by women more than 3 thousand years ago in ancient Egypt. Such tattoos played the role of a protective amulet during childbirth and in the postpartum period, scientists say. Live Science writes about this discovery.

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American archaeologists who excavated the ancient settlement of Deir el-Medina, which also houses an ancient Egyptian necropolis, discovered the mummies of women with unusual tattoos on their bodies. Scientists have also discovered figures of women covered with tattoos. Everywhere there was an image of an ancient deity – Bes, who was the patron of the family and also protected women during childbirth.

Protective amulet. Scientists have discovered unusual tattoos on female mummies from Ancient Egypt (photo)

Protective amulet. Scientists found unusual tattoos on female mummies from Ancient Egypt (photo)

Deir el-Medina was a particularly famous settlement from 1550-1070 BC. e., when the builders of Egyptian tombs lived here. In this place, archaeologists over many decades of research have discovered many artifacts that helped to understand how ordinary Egyptians lived at that time. But recently, archaeologists discovered 6 female mummies that had tattoos on their bodies that protected them during childbirth.

Protective amulet. Scientists have discovered unusual tattoos on female mummies from Ancient Egypt (photo)

Protective amulet. Scientists found unusual tattoos on female mummies from Ancient Egypt (photo)

“In order to find tattoos on the body, you need to remove all the material from the mummy, but of course we didn’t do this. The only option in this case is the hope that you can find the mummy in a looted tomb, where this mummy had already been opened before us. Exactly so we were able to see traces of tattoos on women's bodies left after 3 millennia on bare skin,” says Ann Austin from the University of Missouri in St. Louis, USA.

Protective amulet. On female mummies from Ancient Egypt, scientists have discovered unusual tattoos (photo)

Protective amulet. Scientists found unusual tattoos on female mummies from Ancient Egypt (photo)

Among the mummies studied, two stood out in particular. The first was the mummy of a woman, on the hip and back of which patterns of dark black color were found, which created a special pattern. Also, next to the symmetrical lines, the god Bes was depicted, as well as bowls of water, which symbolized purification within a few weeks after childbirth. The second mummy of a woman, which was found in a nearby tomb, also had similar tattoos, although they were slightly different. Scientists came to the conclusion that these images on the body were protective and healing for women during childbirth and the postpartum period.

Protective amulet. Scientists found unusual tattoos on female mummies from Ancient Egypt (photo)

Protective amulet. Scientists have discovered unusual tattoos on female mummies from Ancient Egypt (photo)

According to archaeologists, it is still difficult to say how widespread the tradition of applying such tattoos on the body was throughout ancient Egypt in the designated period of time. After all, Egyptologists have not yet found similar wearable images in other places. Therefore, this phenomenon may be something unique to this area, or other similar images are simply waiting for the moment when archaeologists discover them, scientists believe.

Focus already wrote that in Egypt, scientists have discovered a tunnel 1300 meters long, which is hidden under the ancient city.