Putin and Xi pose as a counterweight to the Western order

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Putin and Xi pose as a counterweight to the Western order

The Russian President Vladimir Putin (left) and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping headline the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), a group that aims to compete with Western institutions.

Chinese Presidents Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin posed as a counterweight to Western influence on Friday at a regional summit bringing together several countries with strained relations with the United States.

But the solidarity between the participants of the summit showed some fractures. Thus, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, addressing Mr. Putin, argued that the time is not for war, while Moscow is engaged militarily in Ukraine.

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At the same time, two Central Asian countries, whose leaders are present at the summit, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, clashed in border battles that left dozens injured, prompting the announcement of #x27;an urgent ceasefire.

Xi Jinping and Vladimir Putin headline Shanghai Cooperation Organization summit (OCS) – a group that intends to compete with Western institutions – organized in Samarkand (Uzbekistan).

This event comes at a time when Moscow and Beijing have extremely tense relations with Washington because of of the Russian invasion of Ukraine and American support for Taiwan.

At the main session of the summit, Xi called on the gathered leaders to work together to promote an international order that moves in a more just direction.

< p class="e-p">Zero-sum games and the politics of building blocks should be abandoned, he continued. He did not name any country, but Beijing generally uses this vocabulary to denounce the United States and its close allies.

The Russian President, for his part, welcomed the growing role of the new centers of power which, according to him, is becoming more and more evident.

Mr. Putin claimed that cooperation between SCO member countries, unlike the West, is based on unselfish principles.

Signs of disagreements did not, however, fail to appear.

Excellency, I know this is not the time for war, Indian leader Narendra Modi told Mr Putin at the start of a one-on-one meeting.

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The family photo of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in Samarkand.

Mr. Putin, in response, said he heard his concerns, said he would do everything to bring the conflict in Ukraine to an end as soon as possible, while assuring that kyiv refused any negotiation process.

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The SCO, whose members are China, Russia, India, Pakistan and four former Soviet republics of Central Asia, was established in 2001 as a competing cooperation platform of Western organizations.

But significant differences remain within the alliance. The leaders of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan met urgently at the summit to announce a ceasefire after an escalation of violence on the disputed border between these two Central Asian countries.

About 19,000 people have been evacuated from border areas on the Kyrgyz side, and armed incidents have continued despite the ceasefire.

MM. Putin and Xi also met with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who called for an end to the war in Ukraine as soon as possible through diplomatic channels. Recently, Ankara played a key role in finding an agreement between Moscow and Kyiv on the export of grain from Ukraine, which is vital for many countries around the world.

For his part, Vladimir Putin, during a meeting with Mr. Erdogan, said he was ready to significantly increase all Russian exports to Turkey, especially energy.

Russia has since been targeted by heavy Western economic sanctions and is increasingly turning to Asia for economic and diplomatic support.

During a In a Thursday interview with Xi, Putin thanked his Chinese counterpart for his balanced stance on Moscow's invasion of Ukraine, while promising an explanation for his concerns.

< p class="e-p">Mr. Xi, who is making his first trip abroad since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic, hopes to further strengthen his stature as a major leader ahead of a Chinese Communist Party congress in October, during which he will seek a new mandate.

Chinese President Xi Jinping speaking at the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Summit ) in Samarkand (Uzbekistan).

The choice of Central Asia as the first foreign destination in more than two years above all illustrates the importance that Beijing attaches to this region, which is crossed by the new Silk Roads , a titanic project carried by Mr. Xi to strengthen trade links with the world.

Ahead of the summit, Mr. Xi went to Kazakhstan on Wednesday, promising to #x27;help safeguard its sovereignty as this country, a traditional ally of Moscow, worries about Russian ambitions following the invasion of Ukraine.

M. Xi also held talks with Erdogan and Iranian leader Ebrahim Raisi on Friday as Iranian nuclear talks stall. was announced on the other hand between MM. Xi and Modi, both of whom are nuclear powers, have been going through a tense period since border clashes in 2020.

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