Scientists have figured out why Jupiter does not have the same rings as Saturn


    Scientists figured out why Jupiter doesn't have the same rings as Saturn

    Jupiter does have rings, but they're not as big as Saturn's and they're not the same easy to spot.

    The most famous ring system in the solar system exists around Saturn. But the ice giants Uranus and Neptune also have rings, albeit very sparse. The same applies to Jupiter – it has rings, but they are not as pronounced as those of Saturn and very powerful telescopes are needed to see them. A new study by American scientists, according to ScienceAlert, answers the question: why does Jupiter not have such huge rings as its neighbor, Saturn?

    Saturn's rings are made of ice and dust. They appeared from fragments of comets, asteroids, and also as a result of impacts of space stones on its satellites. Or maybe even some satellites fell apart from impacts and supplemented the material around the gas giant, which attracted the substance with its gravity. But at the same time, the satellites of Saturn can destroy its rings with the help of their gravity and the substance that makes up the ring system flies into space. However, Saturn has the largest and most visible rings in the solar system.

    Scientists figured out why Jupiter doesn't have the same rings as Saturn

    Rings consisting of dust, although very rarefied, are found in Neptune and Uranus, and they were also found around the huge asteroid Chariklo, 230 km in diameter, which rotates between Saturn and Uranus. Rings also exist around the dwarf planet Haumea, which is adjacent to Pluto. Scientists believe that Mars will also appear, albeit short-lived, but rings. This will happen when, in 100 million years, Mars' moon Phobos gets too close to the planet and is torn apart by Mars' gravity. By the way, a new satellite will be created from this ring again.

    Scientists figured out why Jupiter doesn't have the same rings as Saturn

    As for Jupiter, its rings are thin and sparse structures of dust that are not easy to detect. American scientists decided to find out why the planet, which is very similar to Saturn, does not have the same huge visible rings.

    “I have long been interested in this question. If Jupiter had the same rings as Saturn, they would be bigger and brighter, if only because Jupiter is much closer to us,” says Steven Cain of the University of California at Riverside, USA.

    Scientists figured out why Jupiter doesn't have such the same rings as Saturn

    In order to find out the reason for the absence of large rings in Jupiter, scientists created several computer models that included both the gas giant itself and its main four satellites: Ganymede, Callisto, Io and Europa.


    Scientists figured out why Jupiter doesn't have the same rings as Saturn

    The study showed that Jupiter cannot have the same rings as Saturn and, most likely, it never had such rings in the past. The reason lies precisely in those four satellites, which do not allow stones and dust to accumulate in sufficient quantities to form a dense ring system, like that of Saturn.

    “We believe that such a massive planet as Jupiter created the same massive moons that destroy any dense rings that can ever be created around the planet.And now the thin rings of Jupiter are composed of dust and small fragments that were ejected as a result of impacts on its satellites, “says Kane.

    As Focus already wrote, scientists have managed to uncover another secret of Jupiter. They figured out how this gas giant was created.

    As for Uranus, NASA is planning the first full-fledged mission to this ice giant in several decades, because its study is of the utmost importance for science. What is the secret of Uranus, Focus already wrote.


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