Scientists have found out what exactly is depicted on the famous masterpiece from the former capital of ancient Egypt (photo)

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Scientists have found out what exactly is depicted on the famous masterpiece from the former capital of Ancient Egypt (photo)

The ancient Egyptian masterpiece is so realistic that scientists were able to identify the species of birds that are depicted on it.

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The painting from ancient Egypt, which is more than 3300 thousand years old, depicts different types of birds that fly or sit against the backdrop of lush vegetation. This work of ancient Egyptian art is so well drawn that scientists have finally managed, almost 100 years after the discovery of this painting, to find out what types of birds are depicted here, writes Live Science.

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From about 1353 BC. until 1336 BC Ancient Egypt was ruled by pharaoh Akhenaten, who was the father of the famous pharaoh Tutankhamun. He carried out a religious reform and forced the Egyptians to worship a new god, the Aten. It was in honor of this god that the pharaoh named the new capital – Akhetaten, on the meta of which is the modern Egyptian city of Amarna, 300 km south of Cairo.

In the city of Akhetaten, Pharaoh Akhenaten built his palace, which had a rest room, which archaeologists called the “Green Room”. It was decorated with various frescoes that were first discovered and explored between 1923 and 1925.

Scientists have found out what exactly is depicted on the famous masterpiece from the former capital of Ancient Egypt (photo)

Scientists have found out what exactly is depicted on the famous masterpiece from the former capital of Ancient Egypt (photo)

In 1926, scientists tried to preserve these drawings with the help of special substances, but this had the opposite effect and the paintings, on the contrary, lost their color and darkened. But before that, copies of the paintings from this room were created and it was them that scientists from Oxford and Cambridge universities used for their research. The fact is that the originals are already lost forever.

Scientists believe that in the room the pharaoh's family could relax and enjoy paintings depicting plants and birds. It was their realism that made it possible to observe, as it were, the real nature. Scientists also believe that there were living plants in this room, which added the desired effect.

Scientists have found out what exactly is depicted on the famous masterpiece from the former capital of Ancient Egypt (photo)

Scientists have found out what exactly is depicted on the famous masterpiece from the former Capitals of Ancient Egypt (photo)

Although previous studies have already examined the wildlife shown in the murals, the new study has for the first time been able to show which species of birds are depicted in the paintings. By the way, some of them have unnatural markings.

According to the authors of the new study, Christopher Stimpson and Barry Kemp, from Oxford and Cambridge universities, respectively, the following types of birds were found in the paintings:

    < li>Groove Pigeon (Columba livia);
  • Small Spotted Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis);
  • Common Shrike (Lanius collurio)
  • White Wagtail (Motacilla alba).

Scientists have found out what exactly is depicted on the famous masterpiece from the former capital of Ancient Egypt (photo)

Scientists have figured out what exactly is depicted on the famous masterpiece from the former capital of Ancient Egypt (photo)

While the kingfisher and rock dove can still be found in Egypt all year round, the other two species are migratory birds. The common shrike arrives here from August to November, and the White Wagtail from October to April.

Scientists believe that the most likely explanation for the fact that ancient artists chose to depict them in the picture anyway, is that they just wanted to make it more saturated and colorful.

Scientists have also found that the ancient artists applied unnatural markings to the birds of the last two species on their tails, because they do not have anything like that in reality. Researchers have speculated that the artists may have painted these markings to indicate that both bird species only visited Egypt seasonally. in the most famous temple of Ancient Egypt.