Scientists have found that a new supercontinent will appear on Earth: the date has already been named
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Some previous models suggested that in this case our planet would become less hospitable, but a new study shows that the Earth will be habitable for more for quite some time.
In their new study, experts have concluded that the constant movement of tectonic plates will sooner or later push the continents together, forming a new supercontinent with a large desert in the middle, writes Zme Science.
The surface of the Earth has not always looked the same. Our planet's crust is divided into solid plates called tectonic plates. They are not fixed in place, but move at a speed of several centimeters per year. It is almost impossible to see a significant difference in years, centuries and even millennia, but going back 10 million years ago, you can easily notice a colossal difference.
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Some plates move towards each other, some move away from each other, and sometimes they just collide. In the geological history of the Earth, this is a continuous process that continues to this day. The Atlantic is currently growing at a rate of several centimeters per year, while the Pacific is shrinking at the same rate. Thus, the configuration of the continents and oceans will change as the Pacific Ocean disappears and the Atlantic Ocean becomes a mega-ocean.
After 200-300 million years, the continents will come together to form a supercontinent, according to a new study. which also happened in the past, primarily on the continent of Pangea. During the time of Pangea, there was one large ocean around the continents – Panthalassa.
As scientist Chuan Huang of Curtin University noted, over the past two billion years, the continents of our planet have collided with each other, forming a supercontinent every 600 million years. Therefore, it is likely that the current continents will face the same fate.
“According to our findings, the new supercontinent Amasya will form in about 280 million years, most of the land on the planet will merge together,” the experts explained.The formation of Amasya will change many things on the planet. According to experts, sea levels will be lower, and the interior of the supercontinent, cut off from moist winds, will be marked by extremely arid temperature changes. But the good news is that most of Amasia's landmass will be clustered around the same latitude as it is today.
Some previous models suggested that the landmass would accumulate around the North Pole, which would make the planet less hospitable , but the new model suggests that the Earth will be habitable for quite a long time.