Scientists have told where for the first time on Earth you can see the sunrise
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Despite the fact that Japan is called the Land of the Rising Sun, the first sunrise is still seen in completely different regions of the Earth.
Where on the planet is the place where you can see the first sunrise? And where can you see the sunrise on the first day of the New Year? These questions are answered by an American scientist for Live Science.
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According to Cameron Hummels of the California Institute of Technology, in fact, from a physical point of view, there is no first sunrise. In fact, there is a series of eternal sunrises and it cannot be said that some of them are the first, and some are the last.
But in order to keep track of time, mankind has come up with time zones and the date line, where one day ends and another begins.
“Speaking from this point of view, the first sunrise occurs on the change line dates,” says Hummels.
This line passes through the middle of the Pacific Ocean along the 180th meridian of east longitude. The date line is mostly straight, with slight deviations. This is due to the fact that one country is not in two time zones at the same time, but it also has other political and economic reasons.
For example, the date line runs almost 3200 km from the island nation of Kiribati, which has the earliest time zone on Earth.
“Based on this, for most of the year, for example, on the equinoxes, Kiribati should have the first sunrise. More precisely, the first place on the planet that meets the new day can be considered the uninhabited Millennium Island, also known as Caroline Island, which is part of Kiribati,” says Hummels.
But, according to the scientist, this is not always the case. Our planet has a tilt of 23.5 degrees, so the direction of sunlight hitting Earth changes throughout the year. During the southern summer solstice and the northern winter solstice on December 21 or 22, the Sun mostly shines over the Tropic of the South (23rd parallel south latitude), while the South Pole and most of Antarctica are illuminated 24 hours a day.
< p>“But if it is a little north of 66 degrees south latitude, then the Sun sets briefly here before rising just a few minutes after midnight. Therefore, on the uninhabited Young Island, claimed by New Zealand, you can sometimes see the first sunrise on those days that stand next to the solstices, including the first sunrise of the New Year, that is, January 1, “says Hummels.
But on the other hand, on Young Island, the first sunrise occurs only 10-15% of the time. The rest of the time, due to the peculiarities of our atmosphere and the refraction of sunlight, here you can see sunlight almost around the clock. That is, even after sunset. Therefore, there is often no real sunset or sunrise here.
According to Hummels, during the solstice, the first sunrise can be observed on the Dibble Glacier, which is located in Antarctica.
During the northern summer solstice and austral winter solstice from June 20 to 22, the Sun shines more directly on the northern hemisphere than on the southern hemisphere. Therefore, the first sunrise will be to the north.
“The International Date Line runs between Russia and Alaska (U.S. state) through the Bering Strait. This line bisects two islands – the Diomede Islands. Big Diomede Island belongs to Russia, and Small Diomede – USA. A few weeks and even months before June 21, on the Russian island, you can see the first sunrise on the planet, “says Hummels.
As already written, Focus appeared on the Sun a black hole that ejected a stream of plasma into space. He went towards the Earth, which caused a geomagnetic storm to appear on the planet.