Scientists have told where in the world the highest chances of surviving to old age

Spread the love

Share

  • Scientists told where in the world the chances of living to old age are the highest

    send to Telegram

  • Scientists told where in the world the highest chances of surviving to old age

    share on Facebook

  •  Scientists have told where in the world the highest chances of surviving to old age

    tweet

  • Scientists told where in the world the chances of living to old age

    send to Viber

  •  Scientists have told where in the world the highest chances of surviving to old age

    send to Whatsapp

  • Scientists told where the best chances in the world live to old age

    send to Messenger

Scientists have revealed where the world's chances of living to old age are highest

A new study shows that life expectancy in Europe is increasing, but in the US, this figure is falling.

Related video

The coronavirus pandemic has led to an increase in deaths. In 2020, the expected duration has been significantly reduced. Only the United States and England lost two and one years, respectively.

A new study published in Nature Human Behavior shows that life expectancy recovered somewhat in 2021 in most Western European countries, while in Eastern Europe and the US saw additional losses, writes Science Alert.

In 2021, only Norway exceeded pre-pandemic life expectancy. Everywhere the situation is worse than it would be without the pandemic. To assess the impact of recent developments on life expectancy, the Leverhulme Center for Demographic Sciences at Oxford University and the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research collected data from 29 predominantly European countries, plus Chile and the United States.

What is life expectancy

Life expectancy is an indicator to summarize the structure of mortality in a country for a given year. It is calculated on the basis of deaths from all causes, so it does not depend on the accuracy of COVID death registration and can give a broad picture of how the pandemic has affected mortality. In other words, it is the number of years a person born today can expect to live if they lived their entire lives with the current year's mortality rate.

How COVID-19 has changed global mortality rates

The study showed that in 2020, life expectancy has changed in almost all countries studied, except for Norway and Denmark. But in 2021, life expectancy has improved compared to 2020, and in others it has become even worse. A further drop in Eastern Europe was likely because the region moved away from the early waves of COVID during 2020. This was combined with less vaccine distribution when the big waves came in 2021. Bulgaria received a staggering loss of 3.5 years. since 2019 (1.5 and 2 years in 2020 and 2021 respectively).

 Scientists told where in the world the highest chances of surviving to old age -mire-samye-vysokie-shansy-dozhit-do-starosti-461dfc0.jpg

In the United States, the vaccine began to be distributed earlier. However, the country lagged behind Europe with losses of 2 years in 2020 and 3 months in 2021. Vaccine use in America was lower than in Europe, which may explain the difference. It could also refer to life expectancy in the US, which has been lagging behind European countries for many years. In addition, in parallel with COVID, the United States recorded an increase in the number of deaths from drug overdose.

England and Wales fell somewhere in between, gaining 2.1 months in 2021 after losing nearly a year in 2020. Even for countries that have done relatively well, COVID has still interrupted the trajectory of decreasing mortality rates.

Life expectancy at birth by country, 2019-2021

In general, mortality in last year shifted towards younger people. This is due to the high vaccination coverage at older ages. Countries with the best vaccination coverage for people over 60 years of age had better life expectancy.

It turned out that the losses from the pandemic were such as we have not seen since the Second World War in Western Europe or since the collapse of the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe. In addition, the “coronavirus is like the flu” claim has been debunked, as COVID has left a far worse imprint on life expectancy than previous pandemics.

The researchers also reported a significant reduction in life in Mexico and Brazil. And noted that the prospects for a recovery in life expectancy in 2022 continue to be vague.