Spanish bullets and new mysteries. What archaeologists found in the last Mayan city

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Spanish bullets and new mysteries. What archaeologists found in the last Mayan city

Thayasal outpost will help to better understand the history of the ancient civilization not only to historians , but also for tourists.

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At the site of the last Mayan city in Guatemala, archaeologists have discovered new artifacts. It was possible to find ceramics, human burial grounds and even bullets from Spanish weapons, Science Alert writes.

The excavations began in June last year. The researchers sought to find out more about the Tayasal outpost, a city conquered by the Spaniards in 1697. According to the archaeologist responsible for the excavations, the Mayans began to live in this area as early as 900 BC

The Spaniards did not manage to conquer the city immediately. They did so a century after they arrived in the western highlands of present-day Guatemala. The jungle prevented them from moving quickly. It was impenetrable forests that acted as a natural border. Therefore, it was very difficult for the Spaniards to conquer these lands.

But in 1525 Tayasal was already part of one of the routes of the conquistadors. It was used by Hernan Cortes during a trip to the territory of modern Honduras.

Today, most of the buildings of the Mayan city are hidden underground. Vegetation cover also hides them from the eyes. Buildings near Lake Peten Itza occupy 7 sq. km. But there are also open buildings. In particular, it is an acropolis 30 meters high. Archaeologists believe that it was once used as a residence by the ruling elite.

The project has a tourist focus. They want to improve and restore the historical heritage, which will allow travelers to better understand the archaeological value of the Mayan civilization.

It flourished in the territory of modern Guatemala and southern Mexima in 250-900 AD. The territory also covered parts of Honduras, El Salvador and Belize.