The appearance of colon cancer may be associated with two genes involved in burning fat.
Scientists from Rutgers University stated that two genes that are present in stem cells of the intestine and help burn fat entering the body with food, may participate in the emergence of colon cancer.
“Scientists have shown that the consumption of food with high content of fat in the intestine increases the number of stem cells, making the body more susceptible to colon cancer,” said one of the researchers Michael Bruiser.
As a result of natural processes daily lost millions of intestinal cells as well as lost skin cells. Canteens intestinal cells are constantly updated, ensuring the update of the mucous membrane. However, changes in stem cells can cause cancer. Colon cancer is the third most common cancer to occur in men and women in the United States.
In the study, researchers found that two genes (HNF4A and HNF4G) ensure the proper functioning of the intestinal mucosa. They help to burn fat, providing the stem cells with energy. When the diet has a large amount of fat, amount of constantly dividing stem cells increases, and this increases the risk of developing cancer. Thus, a healthy diet is one of the most effective ways to prevent cancer.