The victory of the left is an unprecedented event in 200 years in a country broken by armed violence
The peace agreement and the dissolution of the FARC created conditions for a demonized political alternative to make its way
Nothing will be the same in Colombia. It took 203 years of republican life, an internal conflict of more than half a century and five years of halfway compliance with the peace agreement, for the left to reach the Government through the vote. Gustavo Petro, a former member of the M-19, a guerrilla with tragic tendencies, took him out. 700,000 votes difference to the tycoon Rodolfo Hernández in an election that had an unprecedented turnout for the levels of a hopeless country: 58% of the electoral roll. Petro reiterated I used the word “change” as a mantra during the election campaign and on Sunday night. What happened, strictly speaking, was a collapse of the party system that administered the Government and State affairs.
The impact of the victory of the Historical Pact has been felt in all corners of a territory with 40% of poor people. “After several decades of stigmatizationto everything that was left, to the point of annihilating an entire political party for their way of thinking, Colombia chose Yesterday, for the first time and in a convincing manner, a president of that ideological tendency”, highlighted the Bogota newspaper El Espectador in its editorial. The coming to power of the former mayor of the capital and his vice president< /p>
, the charismatic Francia Márquez, also represents “the materialization of one of the promises of a country that dreams of peace”. In this sense, “a sounding rejection of the Government of Iván Duque. Now the question is how we are all going to heal so many open wounds.”
The portal La Silla Vacía considered that the victory of the left “buries any justification for political violence and reinforces democracy.” Petro seemed to share this reasoning. Without the peace agreement, the conditions for his success would not have been created. The FARC they dissolved and created a now irrelevant political party, the Commons. The abandonment of arms took them out. of the scene The social outbreaks of 2019 and 2021 could no longer be associated with that dissolved guerrilla. Its last boss and current leader of Comunes, Rodrigo Londoño, alias Timochenko, greeted the election result. “It is time for the great national pact; not a pact of the elites like those we are used to. This new pact must be with everyone.” Violence, however, continues to be one of the great Colombian dramas: this year dozens of social leaders and former insurgents have been assassinated and have abandoned their weapons. At the same time, drug trafficking activity is growing and there is a small sector of the FARC that has to the old ones.
The end of uribismo
The heart of the business community was with Hernández, but he did not take long to greet Petro. Bruce Mac Master, president of the National Association of Industrialists (Andi), told him, on behalf of the employers' association, that he is in the wrong. willing to collaborate with the government that takes office on August 7. “It will be everyone's task, but especially the president's, to build bridges.”
For Cambio magazine, a new era begins with the end of the political predominance of Álvaro Uribe. ruled between 2002 and 2010 and was decisive in the election of Juan Manuel Santos, with whom he later broke up. moorings when his former defense minister began to negotiate with the FARC. Uribe's finger pointed. Duque as the guarantor of a project that has expired. “In order to defend democracy, it is necessary to abide by it. Gustavo Petro is the President. Let us be guided by a feeling: First Colombia,” said the former president, between irony and the acceptance that nothing is the same anymore. “We are going to reconcile this nationWithout fear,” replied Francia Márquez, holding out her hand to the man she abominates. She is the other heroine of the moment that Colombia is experiencing. From the environmental fight she went on to the electoral fight on behalf of the < strong>“nobody”, whom he invited to “live tasty.”
The newspaper El Tiempo highlighted in this sense the first words of the president electro: “The change is not to take revenge, nor build more hatred”. For now it is time for kind words. Petro has already said that social redemption will be a complex path. At the same time, he expressed his empathy and distance from Latin American progressivism by recalling that the extractivist path, especially hydrocarbons, is suicide for the region. The United States, a strategic ally of Colombia, helps the region to go through the transition energy.