There are signs of potassium deficiency which are badly affecting health and appearance. Potassium necessary for normal work of heart and vessels, nervous system function and the maintenance of muscles in good working condition. Daily allowance of potassium for men – 2.5 g, for women – not more than 2.3 g, reports the Chronicle.info with reference on Voice.
Athletes need higher doses, which can be obtained from supplements or food. Lack of potassium can cause serious ailments to avoid them, pay attention to these symptoms.
You feel constant fatigue that is not related to overexertion, as from drowsiness not save even a few cups of coffee? The reason may be hypokalemia is a chronic shortage of potassium. Persistent deficiency leads to insomnia, reduced performance, lack of interest in life. Often this condition is observed with strict diets associated with the exception of many products. To bring the body back to normal will help the consumption of meals rich in potassium: bananas, dried fruit, fresh cherries.
Cramps, aching pain and muscle weakness is one of the most prominent symptoms of potassium deficiency.
This macronutrient is the electrolyte that interacts with sodium and are responsible for the ability of the muscles to contract. If the amount in the body decreases, the cells do not get the desired number of electrical signals.
Arise short but painful seizures, muscles weaken and lose volume.
Violation of the potassium-sodium balance leads to a gradual weakening of the muscles. This condition is often seen in people who abuse exercise, but don’t pay attention to a balanced diet. Even the slightest exertion leads to microreserves, causing a sharp pain. Potassium affects the retention of moisture in tissues: with its lack of muscles and skin are dehydrated, there is stitching and oppressive pain, accompanied by temporary numbness, cramps, itching.
Arrhythmia Potassium is essential for maintaining the normal operation of the main muscles of the human body – the heart. Even a slight reduction in the required number of breaks the rhythm of the heart, with a stable deficit noticeable heart palpitations for no apparent reason. The pulse may remain in the normal range.
Noticing the failures, seek immediate medical attention: high risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, thrombosis or congestive heart failure. Shortness of breath Another role of potassium — participation in relay signals that stimulate contraction of the lungs. If the level of the object drops to critical, the lungs can’t operate at full capacity, leading to shortness of breath. The slightest exertion knocks the breath, an asthma attack can strike even during sleep. The situation worsens vasoconstriction, violation of the blood supply and oxygen delivery to vital organs.
Severe hypokalemia can be a full stop breathing, requiring immediate resuscitation. Constipation Potassium participates actively in the process of digestion. If the amount of this microelement in the blood is reduced, disrupted the muscle activity of the intestine and stomach, peristalsis weakening, the intestine is emptied with difficulty.
Gradually constipation become chronic and accompanied by pain in the abdomen, cramps and colic. The result may be intestinal obstruction, which requires urgent medical intervention.
Nausea in the intervals between meals and even during a meal to talk about problems with the gastrointestinal tract. The cause may be a lack of potassium. It causes weakness of the stomach muscles, the reduced activity of gastric wall, deterioration of digestion. In severe cases, the food ceases to digest, there is a causeless vomiting, worsening the patient’s condition. Nausea can talk about the accumulation of toxins in the withdrawal process which also involved potassium. Numbness Numbness of hands and feet, tingling and partial loss of sensitivity is the result of persistent lack of potassium. To maintain balance the nervous system needs a regular flow of macronutrients in the body. A sharp decrease reduces the number of impulses coming to the brain and spinal cord.
The unpleasant sensations affect the fingers and feet, they gradually extend to the whole volume of the limbs.
When persistent deficiency of potassium increases the amount of other macronutrients sodium. It retains water in the body, which leads to swelling, especially noticeable in the morning. The situation is worse if the diet has a lot of processed products: sausages, meat products, fast food, spicy snacks. Such food contains too much salt, edema increase, blood circulation slows down. To correct the situation will help correction of diet and taking vitamin supplements rich in potassium. Increase in blood pressure Lack of potassium causes a sharp narrowing of blood vessels and decreased supply to the brain and oxygen to the heart. Blood pressure rises, the slightest stress exacerbates the situation and can lead to stroke.
The increase in pressure can be accompanied by nausea, fainting, pain in the heart. Relieve symptoms of tablets doctors do not recommend enough to ensure that the body received daily not less than 4700 mg of potassium.
This dose will help to maintain pressure in the norm. Dizziness Sharp increase in blood pressure can cause dizziness, increased heart rate, the appearance of black spots before the eyes, headache.
People at the time loses orientation in space, in the morning it would be hard to get out of bed. This condition occurs when you overuse certain medications, deducing potassium from the body, in particular diuretics.
Mood swings Potassium plays an important role in the production of serotonin – the hormone responsible for good mood. He is also responsible for normal functioning of the nervous system. Deficiency of macronutrients can cause malfunctions in the mood transitions from melancholy to unrestrained gaiety.
Possible panic attacks, hallucinations, delusions and even resistant depression. The sooner taken, the more likely that hormonal imbalance is corrected.