The oldest cities in Europe


August 14, 2019, 10:18 | In the world

Although the ancestors created the first cities with a different purpose, they nevertheless became the progenitors of what is called progress.

The oldest cities in Europe

Urban settlement is a territorial entity that once marked a new milestone in the development of human civilization. Today, in our understanding, the city is a symbol of something progressive, a place where life is boiling. And in this, we are very similar to our ancestors, who, although they created their first cities with a different purpose, but still, unknowingly, became the forefathers of what is called progress, informs Ukr.Media.

Cities appeared first as territories where trade and crafts flourished, while rural settlements still formed the backbone of the socio-territorial division. Moreover, in some territories there were city-states with their own set of laws and rules for their residents. Echoes of those ancient times can be found even today. And not somewhere on distant islands, where tribes live according to the traditions of their ancestors, but in the nearest European countries. You may be surprised, but some cities in Europe have existed for several hundred or even thousands of years.


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Spanish Cadiz begins its history from 1100 BC. Its first inhabitants were the founders themselves – Phoenicians, in whose language the city was called Gadir. In those distant times, it was the most important trade center where amber was mainly sold and bought. But after the territory of modern Spain was conquered by Rome, Cadiz became one of the strategically important port cities of the empire. By the way, it was from Cadiz that Christopher Columbus set off on his two fateful voyages for the whole world.


The oldest cities in Europe

According to some data , the age of this city is 2800 years. It is located on Euboea, one of the Greek islands. Despite the fact that today the settlement cannot be classified as iconic (it is known mainly as a tourist center), Halkida was quite famous in ancient times. Even Homer wrote about them in his famous “Iliad”. It is also known that the city was considered important during the period of Roman rule.


The oldest cities in Europe

The Greek capital has an amazing ancient history. As a city-state, it arose in 5000 BC and is distinguished not only by amazing historical monuments, but also by an equally unique mythical story of origin. According to her, the first ruler of the city, Cecrops, a half-man-half-snake, was supposed to settle the dispute between the gods Poseidon and Athena about gifts to the city. The lord of the seas gave a spring, and the goddess of wisdom – an olive tree. But Cecrops gave the victory to Athena, naming the city after her.


The oldest cities in Europe

Who would have thought that this Bulgarian city was founded more than 4000 years BC. Therefore, historians consider the natives of these lands to be Thracians. Somewhat later, Philopoppolis (such an ancient name of the city) was settled by people who came from the territories of modern Macedonia and Greece, and even later by the Romans. But in the 14th century, Plovdiv was conquered by the Ottomans and remained part of the empire until the second half of the 19th century.


The oldest cities in Europe

The founding of this Croatian city dates back to 900 BC. The first settlers of Zadar are considered to be the Illyrians, indigenous tribes that inhabited the surrounding areas in the 9th century BC. Later, the city became part of the Roman Empire, and after its disintegration – the Byzantine Empire. In the 17th century, Zadar at various times passed into the hands of the French, Turks, Venetians and Ottomans. However, today the city is one of the historical monuments of Croatia. And it is also willingly visited by tourists who want to enjoy ancient architectural structures.


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