The seven most famous mummies in the world: what secrets did scientists manage to reveal

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    The seven most famous mummies in the world: what secrets scientists have uncovered

    Mummified bodies have been found all over the world, and they reveal secrets that are associated with the customs and beliefs of ancient people.

    Representatives of the ancient peoples believed that life after death exists. The most famous funeral rituals that are associated with the preparation for the afterlife can be considered the customs of the ancient Egyptians. But scientists believe that even thousands of years before the appearance of mummies in ancient Egypt, the practice of preserving the bodies of people in the form of mummies existed among other peoples. Scientists have already discovered many mummies, next to which the personal belongings of the dead, as well as treasures, were buried. Mummified bodies help scientists uncover the secrets of the beliefs and customs of ancient people, as well as tell about their way of life. And autopsies of bodies allow you to find out from what a person died and what he had been ill with before. Live Science published data on seven famous mummies who kept their secrets, but they were revealed.

    Ötzi's Ice Mummy

     Seven of the most famous mummies in the world: what secrets have scientists been able to uncover? At first, local authorities decided that this body belongs to a frozen climber, because it was so well preserved.</p>
<p>But later, scientists found that the mummy, which was found in the mountains at an altitude of more than 3 thousand meters, belongs to a man who lived in the copper age 5300 years ago.</p>
<p>A study that was conducted in 2013 showed that this the man died from an arrow fired at him, and also from the fact that after the fall he injured his head.</p>
<p>Scientists have found that this man was about 40 years old, he was born in Central Europe and ate the meat of an alpine goat. The analysis showed that this man had health problems, in particular, he suffered from arthritis and intestinal parasites. The study showed that he was even treated with herbal medicines in an attempt to get rid of the pain. Scientists also learned that before his death, he was preparing tools that he probably wanted to use for defense.</p>
<h2>The Man from Tollund</h2>
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    The man from Tollund was named after a mummy found in a swamp in 1940 in Denmark. This mummy is incredibly well preserved and belongs to a man who lived during the Iron Age, between 405 B.C. and 380 BC Before his death, this man ate barley porridge and fish, after which he was hanged, and he died of suffocation.

    Scientists believe that he was sacrificed to the gods, so he was buried in the fetal position with his eyes and mouth closed. At that time, most people were cremated after death, and this well-preserved mummy confirms the theory of human sacrifice.

    At the time of death, this man was between 30 and 40 years old and was approximately 163 cm tall, although he may have been and higher, because the body could shrink in the swamp.

    A leather sheepskin hat was preserved on the head of the deceased, and there was a leather belt on the belt. Also on the neck of the mummy is a well-preserved rope with which the man was hung.

    Pharaoh Tutankhamun

     The seven most famous mummies in the world: what secrets have scientists been able to uncover

    Perhaps the mummy of the Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun is the most famous in the world. This pharaoh died at the age of 19 more than three thousand years ago. For scientists who discovered the tomb of the pharaoh in 1922, it was a real sensation that for thousands of years, this burial place was not plundered. The mummy of the young pharaoh was still in three coffins, and one of them was made of pure gold.

    Scientists, thanks to the study of the tomb and the mummy of Tutankhamun itself, were able to uncover the secrets of the beliefs and customs of the ancient Egyptians and what changes they underwent at the time of death pharaoh in 1324 BC With the help of DNA analysis of the mummy, scientists were able to identify two other mummies, which turned out to be the father and mother of the pharaoh.

    Studies have shown that Tutankhamun suffered from malaria and had a rare disease of the bones of the foot, which may have made it difficult for him to move around. Scientists believe that malaria may have killed the pharaoh. By the way, Tutankhamun's penis was mummified in an upright position and scientists believe that it was a symbol of the denial of religious reforms in Egypt, which were carried out by Tutankhamun's father Akhenaten.

    Xin Zhui

     The seven most famous mummies in the world: what secrets have scientists been able to uncover

    Basically, the mummies that archaeologists find are, so to speak, skin and bones, that is, they are dehydrated and dry. But the same cannot be said for the mummy of a wealthy woman named Xin Zhui, who lived during the Han Dynasty in China.

    Her mummy was discovered in a special tomb in 1971 and an environment almost without oxygen was created in this tomb. Xin Zhui's coffin was filled with embalming fluid to help preserve her body, so her corpse was in pristine condition. Her limbs were still flexible, and her skin was soft, and she even had hair on her head.

    Scientists have found that this woman died at the age of 50 from a heart attack in 168 BC. and many valuable artifacts, including musical instruments, were buried next to it.

    Chinchorro Mummies

     The seven most famous mummies in the world: what secrets scientists have been able to uncover

    These mummies, which were discovered in Chile, are among the oldest mummified bodies in the world. Their age is approximately 7 thousand years, which is 2 thousand years more than the age of the very first Egyptian mummies.

    These dead people were representatives of the ancient inhabitants of the Atacama Desert, who left no written evidence.

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    After death, all organs were removed from the bodies and replaced with a mixture of vegetation and clay. The muscles were separated from the bones and this preparation for mummification is very similar to what the inhabitants of ancient Egypt did. The skin of the dead was dyed black or red, and then clay masks were placed on their faces.

    Pharaoh Ramses II

     Seven of the most famous mummies in the world: what secrets scientists managed to uncover

    This pharaoh ruled Ancient Egypt for 68 years in the 13th century BC. During his reign, he carried out successful campaigns of conquest to expand the territory of his state. Ramses II also funded complex building projects along the Nile, including a huge temple complex known as the Ramesseum.

    Scientists believe that 200 years after the death of the mummy of Pharaoh Ramses II and his treasures were moved to another place in order to save them from robbers. But researchers believe that the Egyptian priests themselves plundered the tomb of the pharaoh. Therefore, the famous mummy was found in an empty coffin in 1881, although records about his life remained on the windings with which the pharaoh was covered.

    Scientists believe that Ramses II was a tall man with a height of more than 1.8 m. lived for 90 years, but suffered from a rare bone disease that reduced the flexibility of the spine.

    Princess Ukok or the Siberian Ice Maiden

     The seven most famous mummies in the world: what secrets have scientists been able to uncover

    This woman, whose mummy was discovered in 1993, belonged to an ancient people who lived in Siberia in the 5th century BC. The woman died at the age of about 25 from breast cancer. She was buried in a large coffin along with six horses.

    After death, the woman was embalmed, her brain and eyes were removed, and her eye sockets were stuffed with animal fur. She wore an ornate headdress, as well as a dress made of wool dyed red, maroon and yellow.

    Scientists also found tattoos on the woman's body, which include the image of the head of a deer, jaguar and other animals.

    Scientists have found that the clothes of the deceased were created from fabrics that may have been brought from India, which means that in this region 2400 years ago there was active trade with distant countries.

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