This morning, let’s take a look at a major American study by the Gallup Institute on sexual orientation. 5.6% of Americans identify as LGBT ie “Lesbian, Gay, Bi or Transgender”. A proportion that is increasing, especially among young people.
In total, 8 million American adults identify as LGBT. That’s 5.6% of the population, up from 4.5% in the last study four years ago. For this study, Gallup surveyed 15,000 people over the age of 18. In what is called Generation Z, which took over from millennials (Generation Y), and which corresponds to 11-23 years old, the survey focused on the adult part of this generation, namely 18-23 years. They are 1 in 6 to say they are LGBT (16%), against 2% of over 55 years for example.
In the last study, people had to answer yes or no. There the questions were more specific. In addition, there is a form of claiming bisexuality. Among young adults who identify as LGBT, 7 in 10 identify as bisexual. Among the explanations, the most significant is that today there is greater ease in asserting oneself, thanks to a change of mentality, and of context with the decision of the Supreme Court, 5 years ago, d ‘allow same-sex marriages.
Another explanation: the effect of the Internet and social networks. A sociologist explains that in the 90s when he came out, there was no Youtube, Instagram or anything else to learn about sexuality or gender. You had to go to libraries, which was still less obvious. According to him, it is the young people themselves who are shaking up the lines and forcing society to rethink its way of thinking.
Finally, it is also the consequence of the fights for the rights of homosexuals. Therefore, the young generation “plays down” the “coming-out”. One of the leaders of the study said that older people broke down in tears when they told of their coming out: separation with parents, or friends, job losses. So, it is not a question of saying that now everything is simple, there is still discrimination and aggression, but young people live less in fear of being rejected.
At school in the United States, as a teenager there are lessons on sexual orientation and gender. Parents also have an important role. Indeed, according to the Gallup study, they are more and more numerous to gain confidence in their children appointed by peers of the same sex, as well as to consider the construction of their future, in particular with the possibility of having children, which is new.
A trend towards the acceptance and recognition of rights which should further assert itself with the Biden administration. The president signed decrees to punish sex discrimination in the federal administration. He also overturned the ban on transgender people entering the military.
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