The truce ended Sunday in Yemen, a country ravaged by war for eight years

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The truce ended on Sunday in Yemen, a country ravaged by war for eight years

On September 26, fighters from Saudi-backed government forces took part in a parade to mark the anniversary of the 1962 revolution, which led to the creation of the Republic of Yemen.

< p class="e-p">The truce negotiated by the UN and which entered into force on April 2 in Yemen officially ended on Sunday without any agreement on its extension being announced. The ceasefires which had allowed a lull in this country at war had however been renewed twice.

The UN special envoy regrets that an agreement was not concluded today when a prolongation and extension of the truce would have brought more significant benefits to the population, said UN envoy Hans Grundberg in a statement.

The conflict that has plagued Yemen for eight years is set to resume, threatening the scant progress that was made during the truce and putting the lives of millions at risk. They have been grappling with a grave humanitarian tragedy since conflict erupted between the Yemeni government and Houthi rebels in 2014.

During the latest negotiations set in motion to to extend the truce, Mr. Grundberg had called on all parties to remain calm and to avoid any provocation or action that could lead to an escalation of violence.

In addition to a ceasefire, the truce reached last April included a series of humanitarian measures, but some of these have not been implemented as government forces and Houthi rebels are mutually accused of not respecting their commitments.

The truce agreement had nevertheless allowed the partial reopening of the airport of Sanaa, the capital of Yemen, controlled by the Houthi rebels, which facilitated the delivery of goods, fuel as well as essential humanitarian aid to the Yemeni population, on which nearly two-thirds depend.

The UN envoy had visited Sanaa in recent days and then Oman, which plays the role of moderator in the region, where he hoped to be able to negotiate an extension of the truce.

He also met Sunday in Riyadh with the President of the Yemeni Council Rashad al-Alimi. He accused the Houthi rebels of undermining efforts to alleviate the suffering of the Yemeni people.

Rebel leader Mehdi Machat meanwhile rejected the UN truce proposal because it does not meet the aspirations of the Yemeni people.

On Saturday, the Houthi rebels said that negotiations to extend the truce were at an impasse.

Sporadic skirmishes took place in southwestern Yemen on Sunday, government military sources said. The Houthi rebels have for their part increased their military presence in the strategic region of Marib, these sources added.

We expect an attack if the Houthis do not approve extension of the truce, said a military source.

Our armed forces will not stand idly by if the aggression and blockade continues, instead the rebels' Supreme Political Council warned in a statement. The Council threatens to attack airports, ports and oil companies of enemy countries.

In the past, the Houthi rebels have carried out several missile and drone attacks in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.

The last attack of this type took place last March and affected the facilities of the oil giant Aramco, in Saudi Arabia, which caused a gigantic fire.

Anything is possible, rebel spokesman Yehya Sari tweeted.

Yemeni receive humanitarian aid at a camp in Khokha district, Hodeidah province.

The war in Yemen since 2014 has pitted government forces, backed by a coalition led by Saudi Arabia, against the Houthis in the northwest of the country, who are backed by Iran. However, the Houthis have been in conflict with the central government of Yemen since 2004.

The country located on the borders of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden has more than 377,000 dead. because of the armed conflict between his government and the rebels. Nearly 20 million people now depend on humanitarian assistance for their survival.

More than 70% of the Yemeni people – which has 30 million inhabitants – are in difficulty and a third of the population suffers from acute malnutrition, estimated already in 2021 the spokesman of the Red Cross Basheer Omar.

“Some 12 million people are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance in Yemen. More than four million women and children suffer from acute malnutrition.

— Basheer Omar, spokesperson for the Red Cross, in 2021

The absence of a truce and ceasefire between the belligerents will aggravate the humanitarian crisis in Yemen and lead to the death of thousands more people, especially women and children.

Yemen is a very divided country. Tribal, political and religious elites are pitted against each other for the biggest share of power possible.

Originally, the Houthis were protesting their exclusion, the abject poverty in the northwest of the country, and the central government's neglect of their region. They demanded greater autonomy, economic development and recognition of their rights, including their religious rights.

Over the years, the Houthis grew in power, but the government central government has always refused to recognize their role in the governance of the country. After the overthrow of President Ali Abdullah Saleh in 2012, there was a redistribution of power in Yemen, but without the Houthis.

Saudi Arabia always opposed to the Houthis for all sorts of reasons, not least because they belong to a Shi'a minority.

Saudi Arabia has been deeply engaged in Yemen for decades . She has often seen Yemen as a fragile and unstable region glued to its border. This instability has always caused fears in Saudi Arabia.

With information from Agence France-Presse

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