The UN will hold a new environmental summit in 2023 | COP15

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L&rsquo ;UN will hold a new environmental summit in 2023 | COP15

The Secretary General of the United Nations , Antonio Guterres, has made the environment his main concern. (Archive)

At the end of a year marked by two major environmental conferences, the Secretary General of the United Nations announced the holding, next September, of a new summit “without nonsense, without exception and without compromise” to find new solutions to fight against the climate crisis.

The watchword of this Climate Ambition Summit will be novelty, insisted Antonio Guterres in his traditional end-of-year speech.

“There will be no room for those who want to backtrack, greenwash, blame others or reframe old commitments . »

— Antonio Guterres, Secretary General of the United Nations

The Portuguese, who has made the environment his main battle horse, has invited members of the UN, but also municipal and regional governments and civil society. But the price of entry is non-negotiable: [it will take] credible, serious and new actions, as well as nature-based solutions that will move us forward in the fight against the climate crisis, he warns.

The announcement of this new conference comes only a few hours after the conclusion of an agreement, obtained in the snatch after difficult negotiations, at COP15 in Montreal. Described as historic and ambitious, the agreement between some 190 signatory states aims to protect 30% of seas and oceans by 2030, among other things.

Discussions over financial assistance for countries in the South were one of the biggest sticking points, as at COP27 a few weeks earlier in Egypt. Delegates gathered in Sharm el-Sheikh had managed to agree on the payment of sums for the loss and damage caused by climatic shocks in poorer states, a development welcomed with optimism by Mr. Guterres.

< p class="e-p">On the other hand, the agreement did not include any new greenhouse gas reduction targets. We continue to move in the wrong direction. The goal [of keeping global warming to] 1.5°C continues to elude us. National action plans are clearly insufficient, notes the secretary general before extolling the progress in this area where good news is hard to find.

According to projections by the Global Carbon Project , a group of more than 100 scientists from 80 institutions, it has a one-in-two chance of keeping warming to 1.5°C. To stay on course for this target, greenhouse gas emissions must fall by 45% by 2030.

However, CO2 emissions produced by combustion of oil, gas and coal alone are expected to reach 36.6 billion tonnes, a record.

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