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New images show more details of what happened during the merger of known galaxies.
The Webb Space Telescope has taken a new image of the merger of two galaxies that the Hubble Space Telescope had not photographed before. The new image not only shows newly born bright stars, but also that the merger process will not be completed soon, according to IFLS.
The Webb Space Telescope is astronomers' main hope for obtaining important new data on long-known objects in space, such as galaxies. Of course, scientists also want to get data from the new telescope about objects that are still unknown to science. While the Hubble Space Telescope has already created many amazing images of the cosmos, the Webb telescope looks at them differently. This allows him to make his incredibly huge main mirror and the most modern and very sensitive scientific instruments.
As already written by Focus, Webb recently sent a new image of the famous galaxy, which is located at a distance of 500 million light years in the constellation of the Sculptor. The telescope also managed to detect the most distant galaxy in the known Universe, which is 13.5 billion years old.
As for the new image of the Webb telescope, this time it captured everything that happens in the system of two galaxies, which are called IC 1623. This system is also called VV 114 and Arp 236.
In this system, two galaxies merge, which will eventually turn into one huge galaxy . IC 1623 lies 300 million light-years away in the constellation Cetus. The merger of two galaxies has led to the emergence of new bright stars, which are clearly visible in the new image of the Webb telescope.
Prior to this, the Hubble Space Telescope has already taken pictures of the system of two merging galaxies IC 1623. But in these pictures, both galaxies are very difficult to distinguish. However, parts of the spiral arms are visible and will eventually disappear.
Scientists believed that the merger of the two galaxies was in its final stages, and this would lead to the emergence of a new single galaxy, which would have a shape distinct from the source galaxies. But new images from the Webb Telescope make it clear that the merger process, although it is being completed, will not end very soon.
The new images also show the central regions of each individual galaxy, inside which there are supermassive black holes. Scientists believe that a system of two galaxies emits the same amount of light as if it were emitted by 1 trillion suns at the same time.
The image shows new regions of star formation, which look especially bright. As a result of such a merger of galaxies, the activity of supermassive black holes should increase. But this is not happening yet, although scientists believe that it may be difficult to see this activity yet.