The year 2022 was the hottest year recorded in Spain
A forest fire is progressing in the Baixa Limia – Serra do Xures natural park, in the province of Ourense, northwestern Spain, on August 25, 2022.
Spain experienced in 2022 its warmest year recorded since at least 1916, the date of the first data available, the national meteorological agency (AEMET) announced on Monday.
“2022 was the hottest year in Spain since, at least, 1916.”
—The agency national meteorological agency AEMET
The agency also pointed out on Twitter that it was the first time that the annual average temperature [exceeded] 15°C, with almost 15.5°C.
Until 2011, 14.5°C had never been exceeded. Since then, it has happened five times, AEMET added.
Behind 2022, the two hottest years were 2017 and 2020.
The AEMET specifies that it retrospectively established the average annual temperatures between 1916 and 1961 from isolated measurements and statistical models.
Like a part of Europe, Spain was hit in 2022 by several scorching heat waves during the summer, marked by fires of unparalleled amplitude, excess mortality and a level drought.
“For the first time, two consecutive seasons in the same year [summer and summer ;autumn] were the hottest on the show. »
— Extract from the provisional report of the AEMET
The deaths of nearly 4,744 people in Spain are attributable to heat in the summer of 2022, according to excess mortality estimates from a Public Health Institute.
Large swathes of the country are at high or extreme risk of forest fires, the national meteorological agency AEMET said.
This country has also seen more than 300,000 hectares burned to ashes by fires in 2022, the worst toll since measures began in 2000, according to the European Forest Fire Information System ( EFFIS).
Taking into account the rains recorded until December 15, this is the third driest year in the historical series, noted the AEMET in its provisional report.
Water reserves were at 43% of their capacity at the end of December, compared to an average of 53% over the last ten years, according to the Ministry of Ecological Transition, on which the AEMET depends.
In Europe, the summer of 2022 was the hottest on record, the European climate change service Copernicus announced in early September.
At least 15,000 deaths are directly linked to the severe heat waves that affected the continent last summer, according to a still incomplete estimate made public in early November by the WHO.
The European continent is also the one that is warming the fastest, recording a rise in temperatures more than twice the global average over the past thirty years, noted the UN in early November.
The multiplication of heat waves is, according to scientists, a direct consequence of the cries e climate, greenhouse gas emissions increasing in intensity, duration and frequency.