There were pictures of a giant plasma stream that escaped from the Sun: is there a threat to the Earth (photo)
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A giant sunspot has appeared on our star, which can make another one plasma release in the coming days.
On January 4, information appeared about a powerful flare on the Sun, which was accompanied by a coronal mass ejection. Experts have warned that as early as January 5 or 6, this plasma stream will reach the Earth. It turned out that he did fly past the planet. But the same sunspot that caused this eruption will soon turn towards the Earth and throw out another huge stream of solar particles that will still reach our planet, writes Space.
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Like Focus, on the day when the Earth was at its closest distance from the Sun, that is, on January 4, information appeared that as a result of a flash on our star, a huge plasma stream went to Earth. According to new information from scientists, this stream of magnetized plasma flew past the Earth, since the sunspot from which it escaped was still not directed towards our planet.
But, according to scientists who monitor the activity of the Sun, this sunspot, which has the name AR3163, will move on the surface of the Sun on January 6 or 7 and will face our planet. Considering that this sunspot was the size of the Earth a few weeks ago, and flares with coronal mass ejections constantly occurred in it, scientists expect a similar eruption on the above days.
As for the previous explosion on the Sun, as a result of which a huge stream of plasma escaped into space, about which Focus already wrote, then this process was monitored by two spacecraft – SOHO and Solar Dynamics Observatory. Using their data, solar scientist Kate Strong published images of a powerful solar flare and coronal mass ejection.
Sunspots, where flares and plasma ejections appear, are colder regions in the lower atmosphere of the Sun that have a large number of intertwined magnetic field lines. When these lines break, flares and coronal mass ejections appear in sunspots. The radiation from the flares reaches the Earth, if the sunspot is directed in our direction, within 8 minutes, but the plasma flows need from 1 to 3 days to reach the Earth.
After a collision with the planet's magnetosphere, which protects the Earth from the negative effects of space weather, solar plasma flows provoke the appearance of geomagnetic storms. As a result, there are failures in the operation of communications, power systems, and navigation systems.
According to new forecasts, sunspot AR3163, in which a new eruption should occur in the coming days, may become even larger, which means and flares, as well as plasma surges will be more significant.
Therefore, scientists predict that until the end of this week the Earth will not be negatively affected by the Sun, but from the beginning of next week, that is On January 9 or 10, when a new powerful plasma stream reaches the planet, we should expect the appearance of a geomagnetic storm.
Focus already wrote in detail that Wednesday, January 4, 2023, was a truly unique day for the earth. The fact is that our planet was at the closest point to the Sun.
On the largest eruptions and plasma ejections on the Sun in 2022, Focus also wrote in detail.