These US states made history in the midterm elections | Midterm elections in the United States

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These American states wrote a page of history during the midterm elections | É midterm elections in the United States

Election results are still pending on who will hold the balance of power in the United States Congress, but historic victories are changing already the face of some States.

Maura Healey became Massachusetts' first female governor on Tuesday, and the first openly lesbian woman elected to a executive position in United States history.

For the first time in US history, an openly lesbian woman has won an executive position in a US state.

At the same time, amid the Republican wave in Florida , the first elected official of Generation Z (those born after 1996) – a Democrat – enters Congress.

And a rising Democratic Party star becomes Governor of Maryland, becoming the first black person elected to this office in this state, and the third in the United States.

Overview.

Massachusetts was the scene of three historic firsts on Tuesday, bringing to power its first female governor, Democrat Maura Healey. She also became, by the same token, the first openly lesbian governor in the history of the United States.

What's more, with her colleague Kim Driscoll as lieutenant governor, this women's team becomes the first of its kind in American history.

Attorney General of Massachusetts since 2015, Maura Healey graduated from Harvard University in administration and public service. She largely won the race against her opponent, the Republican Geoff Diehl, supported by Donald Trump.

The conservative state of Arkansas also made history on Tuesday by electing its first female governor, Sara Huckabee Sanders. She rose to prominence as a spokesperson for the White House under former President Donald Trump, having led his campaign in 2016.

She follows in the footsteps of her own father Mike Huckabee, who was governor of Arkansas for a decade.

Arkansas also changed the game by electing, as in Massachusetts, a first all-female duo as governor and lieutenant governor.

Democrat Wes Moore became the first black governor in Maryland history on Tuesday, and the third black governor to have ever been elected in the United States.

Rising party star Wes Moore won the gubernatorial race in the state of Maryland on Tuesday .

What's more, Wes Moore succeeded in shifting power to the Democrats after two terms of Republican Larry Hogan, yet one of the most popular governors in the country, who had received the consent of Donald Trump.

Wes Moore is a newcomer to politics and a rising figure in the Democratic Party. A businessman and philanthropist, he has campaigned on child poverty, safer abortions and protecting the right to abortion.

In addition, Maryland elected a first Asian woman as lieutenant governor, and a first black person as attorney general.

Maxwell Frost, 25, on Tuesday became the first elected member of Generation Z, that is, people born after 1996, to enter the United States Congress.

He has won the race in Florida's 10th district, the city of Orlando. Recall that the Republicans made significant gains in Florida on Tuesday, tipping four previously Democratic seats in the House of Representatives.

Maxwell Frost campaigned extensively on the issue of gun control. In November, he wrote on Twitter that he started being active at 15 because he feared being shot at school, following the mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School, in Connecticut, in 2012.

Vermont lost its unenviable place on Tuesday as the only US state to have never elected a woman to the US Congress. Democrat Becca Ballint, also a member of the LGBTQ+ community, won. Charity Clark also became state attorney general for the first time on Tuesday.

In Alabama, Republican Katie Britt became the state's first elected female senator, while Democrat Kathy Hochul has won the race to be New York State's first female governor.

This story was produced during an internship at the Radio-Canada office in Washington thanks to a grant from the Fondation de l'Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM).

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