À At the end of October 2023, we will move to winter time. Should we move our watches forward or backward? À what is the purpose of this change which has existed for more than forty years? Here's what you need to know.
A time change which has been causing more and more discontent for several years. This year, France is moving to winter time 2023 on the night of Saturday October 28 to Sunday October 29, 2023, i.e. the last weekend of October. À 3 o'clock in the morning, you will have to set your watches back an hour: it will be 2 o'clock. The sun will therefore set earlier every day.
A change with undeniable positive impacts in terms of energy saving, but which also has negative human consequences, because it requires ;gle the daily routine. Indeed, this change can disrupt the body's internal clock. Changed sleep cycle, disrupted rhythm in children: it is not easy for everyone to tolerate.
The mechanics of the time change have been unchanged since the 1970s. The date of the daylight saving time change remains unchanged. is always set for the last full weekend of March. That of the passage to standard time on the last full weekend in October.
The transition to winter time, the end of October, is simple to do; to operate: the last Sunday in October, at 3 a.m. on the night of Saturday to Sunday, you have to move the hands back one hour to return to the clock. 2 hours. This time, returning to GMT+1, we gain an hour of sleep, but the sun sets earlier in the evening.
When changing summer time, we follow the reverse route: at 2 o'clock in the morning on the night of Saturday to Sunday, you must always set the hands of your old watch or your ancestral clock ahead of an hour. The rule is simple: the last Sunday in March, at
2 a.m., the whole of France immediately goes into lockdown. 3 hours. A maneuver that takes France to the next level. GMT+2 and, more concretely, causes you to lose an hour of sleep at night but gain an hour of light at the end of the day. Here are the dates of the next three changes in #39;time:
2023 winter time change: Sunday, October 29, 2023 (3 a.m. to 2 a.m.)
Daylight saving time change 2024: Sunday March 31, 2024 (2 hours to 3 hours)
Winter time change 2024: Sunday October 27, 2024 (3 hours to 2 hours)
The change of winter and summer time as we know it today was established by decree in 1975, following the oil shock. It is then a question of establishing a summer time at night. GMT+2, two hours difference with natural time, from the following March. Objective: to better reconcile natural lighting and human activities in the future. from spring, to achieve energy savings.
The end of March is then chosen to coincide with the spring equinox, synonymous with the return of sunny days and longer days. The return to “normal” time (evening GMT+1) is logically set at the opposite as the autumnal equinox approaches, i.e. as the autumnal equinox approaches. the end of October. The weekend and in particular the night from Saturday to Sunday will quickly appear as the time when the immediate impact of the time change will be the most limited.
It was the Agency for the Environment and Energy Management (ADEME) which initiated this initiative. seasonal time change, as a government agency responsible for ensuring that this is the case. the optimization of the energy bill. In a 2010 summary, the organization still estimated the saving at 440 GWh the previous year thanks to the time change.
The time change was made harmonized à on a European scale since 1998 and is today applied throughout the world. by all EU member states and 70 countries in total. However, it is highly controversial; for years. Its detractors point above all to energy gains that are too limited, especially with the evolution of technologies and uses, as well as negative effects on health, sleep and security road. Several important votes on the time change have already been taken. has taken place and a process is underway to put an end to this situation. this measurement.
No, the winter time change, which took place in October, is not the last. In March 2019, after consultation, the European Parliament adopted a draft proposal. the majority to put an end to the time change, but it will not be put in place for several years. The said draft directive provided for an abolition of the rapid time change: for To do this, each Member State had to decide between remaining winter time or stay on summer time. The European Parliament had also called for this. for coordination between the Member States and the European Commission so that the application of permanent hours (winter and summer) in the different countries does not disrupt the functioning of the market
The directive was to be adopted by the Council at a later date. the end of 2020, then transposed by the member states, underlines the official Vie Publique website. Only, due to the health crisis linked to Covid-19, Brexit, then the upheavals caused by the war in Ukraine, without forgetting the hesitations of European leaders, the text in question on the end of change hour is no longer at “on the agenda” and should not be discussed in the near future,” concludes the French administration website. And once put back on the table, the debates should be long: "It"s up to you. “each Member State to decide on the legal time it wishes to adopt” thus confirmed the European Commission to Euronews at fall 2022.