Among the long-lived animals, there are not even turtles that can live 190 years.
Among the vast variety of living creatures on Earth, those that can boast of a very long period of their life stand out. Some animals can live hundreds or even thousands of years. There are those who can be called almost immortal, because they can stop the aging process or reverse it. Even long-lived turtles, which can live 190 years, were not included in the Live Science ranking of the most famous long-lived animals on our planet.
The bowhead whale
The bowhead whale is considered the animal with the longest lifespan among mammals. Scientists have not yet established their exact lifespan, but there are individuals who have definitely lived for 200 years or more.
The whales have mutations in one of the genes involved in repairing damaged DNA, and this, according to scientists, protects the whales from cancer, which can cause their death. Bowhead whales also have another gene that helps repair cells and slows down aging.
Aleutian sea bass
One of the longest-lived fish on the planet is the Aleutian sea bass, which can live no less 205 years. These fish, which can grow up to 1 meter in length, live in the Pacific Ocean. They feed on shrimp and smaller fish and are endangered.
Common pearl mussel
The common pearl mussel is a mollusk that lives in the rivers and streams of Europe and North America. The oldest such mollusc discovered by scientists was 280 years old.
These freshwater mollusks can live so long thanks to their low metabolic rate. But their population is drastically reduced due to changes in the environment, not least due to human interference.
These sharks, which can be up to 7 meters, live at great depths in the Arctic Ocean and in the North Atlantic Ocean.
A recent study showed that these sharks can live no less than 272 years. And the age of one of the Greenland polar sharks was 392 years. Some scientists generally believe that these fish can live up to 500 years.
The Greenland polar shark is a predator and feeds on fish and marine mammals, among which there are seals.
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Tubeworms are invertebrates that live in the cold depths at the bottom of the oceans. One species of tubeworm called Escarpia laminata, which lives at the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico at a depth of 1 to 3 km, can live at least 200 years, and some members of the species live up to 300 years.
Scientists it is believed that the absence of predators contributes to such a long lifespan for these marine invertebrates.
Ocean venuses are bivalves that live in the north Atlantic Ocean. These mollusks are similar to the common pearl mussel from this rating, but live much longer.
One of the clams found off the coast of Iceland is thought to have lived 507 years when it was discovered in 2006.
The corals, which resemble underwater rocks and plants, are actually created from the exoskeletons of invertebrates called polyps. Considering that corals do not consist of one organism, but of several identical organisms, more than one creature is responsible for life expectancy.
Black corals, which are colonies of polyps, live at a depth of 300 meters to 3 km in the tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans. Scientists believe that many varieties of coral can live for hundreds or even thousands of years. But off the coast of the Hawaiian Islands, scientists discovered a black coral that is 4265 years old.
Six beam or glass sponge
This class of invertebrate marine animals includes approximately 600 species. These sponges live at great depths in the oceans and have a body structure that resembles glass, which is why they are called glass sponges.
These invertebrates are considered to be almost champions in life expectancy. 10 years ago, scientists discovered one of the sponges, which has already lived for 11 thousand years. Scientists believe that sponges can live much longer.
A species of jellyfish called Turritopsis dohrnii is also called the immortal jellyfish by scientists because these creatures can potentially live forever.
These jellyfish start life as small larvae that settle on the seafloor and develop into a colony of polyps. From these polyps, jellyfish appear, which swim freely in the water.
But adult jellyfish can turn back into polyps if their body is injured or they don't have sufficient food sources. After that, the process of turning into a jellyfish can be repeated again.
Theoretically, these jellyfish can indeed be considered immortal, because they can repeat the process of transformation indefinitely. But this can only happen if these jellyfish, less than 5 mm in size, do not become prey for fish.
Hydras are small invertebrates that can also potentially be immortal beings. These animals are mainly made up of stem cells, which are constantly regenerated by cloning and therefore can slow down the aging process. If not for predators, hydras might also live forever.
Focus has already written about seven known cat breeds, whose representatives can live much longer than the average of 10-15 years .