Trudeau ready to 'turn back' migrants arriving via Roxham Road soon
A new agreement “s' is coming” with the United States to “prevent” the irregular entry of asylum seekers, according to the Canadian Prime Minister.
By the end of the year, nearly 40,000 asylum seekers will have arrived in Canada via Roxham Road.
Will we see thousands of people again next year going to Roxham Road to enter Canada to seek asylum?
Nothing is less certain, if we relies on the statements of Justin Trudeau.
According to the Canadian Prime Minister, a new agreement with the United States is coming.
For several years, Canada has been trying to modernize the current Safe Third Country Agreement, in force with the United States since 2004. This obliges migrants to seek asylum in the first of the two countries that they cross.
This text, which is being challenged in court, has a major flaw. If a person from the United States goes to Canadian customs, they must turn back. On the other hand, if she crosses the border elsewhere than at an official crossing point, such as Roxham Road, she is entitled to seek asylum, due to international conventions signed by Canada.
< p class="e-p">We must prevent people from passing irregularly, argues Justin Trudeau in an end-of-year interview broadcast on En live with Patrice Roy.
“We want to have an immigration system that remains rigorous, but remains generous.
—Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada
During the pandemic, recalls the Liberal Prime Minister, we had created a temporary agreement [with the United States] because we were closing the borders, so that people would not cross to Roxham Road, [so] that they would be turned back .
The next agreement will be in the same line, he adds.
If he has already mentioned, there barely a year old, the idea of reviewing the situation at Roxham Road, Justin Trudeau has rarely used such a firm tone and such precise words.
Often questioned and attacked by opposition parties on this subject in recent months, the Montreal elected official has rather constantly defended Canada's welcoming values. Justin Trudeau is also at the origin of a tweet, on Twitter, which had gone around the world in January 2017.
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To those fleeing persecution, terror and war, know that Canada will welcome you. ..
— Justin Trudeau (@JustinTrudeau) January 28, 2017
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A few weeks after Donald Trump was elected, he invited people fleeing persecution, terror and war to come to Canada. A message that was quickly heard.
Between 2017 and 2019, more than 53,000 people used Roxham Road, a passage between Montérégie and New York State, to seek asylum in Canada. At the time, most of these migrants, mostly from Haiti and Nigeria, had been living in the United States for several years.
But after the pandemic pause, the word has spread and now entire families cross many countries, sometimes risking their lives, to reach Roxham Road. A lucrative industry, with networks of smugglers, has also emerged.
2022 is also a record year. About 40,000 asylum seekers are expected to have crossed the border at this crossing since January.
Justin Trudeau believes that the illegal entrances to Roxham Road must be stopped.
When will this new Safe Third Country Agreement come into effect? Unlike his minister Marco Mendicino who recently mentioned a matter of months, Justin Trudeau remains cautious.
There are positive signals, but I don't want to go too far there- on it, he replies.
According to our information, negotiations are still ongoing with the United States and several important details remain to be settled.
For example, what if migrants pass through the many woods and forests along this border of approximately 8500 km, without being intercepted by Canadian police? Can they be returned to the United States later, days or even weeks later?
These issues are at the heart of current discussions, and the US government is reportedly dragging its feet on the processing of this file.
We're looking at that, it's complicated, admits the Liberal leader.
Several rallies have been organized in recent months to demand the regularization of thousands of undocumented immigrants in Canada.
As Radio-Canada revealed this fall, Ottawa is preparing a regularization program for undocumented immigrants that should be historic.
Nearly 500,000 people who have lost their status could be concerned.
We are looking at different things that we could do, and that is one of the things we are looking at, confirms the Prime Minister, on Radio -Canada.
He admits to being in favor of this project in view of the labor shortage crisis and the need to regularize people who have been here for a long time.
Health, immigration, protection of French, the subjects to be discussed were not lacking during the meeting between Justin Trudeau and François Legault. In an interview with Patrice Roy, the Prime Minister of Canada returns to these issues and talks about the evolution of the Canadian political context, with the arrival of a new leader of the official opposition, the Conservative Pierre Poilievre.
Several much more modest programs have already emerged in Canadian history. Justin Trudeau's father, Pierre Elliott Trudeau, is the origin of one of them.
In 1973, his government launched the Status Rectification Program, which already aimed to grant permanent residency to a few thousand people without status, including Haitians.
For a Rarely does a consensus exist among civil society stakeholders and the business community, who discuss this new agenda with the federal government.
“Everyone understands that immigration is a source of economic growth, opportunity for our businesses, wealth for our communities and our cities and towns. »
— Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada
According to our information, several scenarios are currently being studied, in order to have unanimity of all provinces and territories.
Right now, not everyone – including the Legault government – necessarily sees the direct granting of permanent residence to hundreds of thousands of undocumented migrants.
Another option is being studied, with the idea of granting them temporary work, so that they can subsequently obtain permanent residence through the existing channels, in Quebec and in the rest of Canada.
You have to do it the right way, specifies Justin Trudeau who, again, does not mention any deadline.