Ukraine wants solid guarantees from its allies in the event of negotiations | War in Ukraine
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky in the foreground
Ukraine wants guarantees for its security and asks its allies to be the guarantors of a possible peace pact.
In view of a negotiation aimed at ending the war, the Ukrainian presidency has released a document on the guarantees that the country will require for its security.
The document was drafted by experts from several countries of the democratic world under the chairmanship of the former NATO boss from 2009 to 2014, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, and the head of the Ukrainian presidential administration, Andriy Yermak.
In its preamble, the document argues that the stability of the Euro-Atlantic area depends on the security of Ukraine.
From this premise, the drafters of the document propose a series of guarantees that will allow Ukraine to defend itself against any possible attack from Russia.
Unless Ukraine has unique and effective security guarantees built into an eventual peace process, there is no reason to believe that this will not happen again [an invasion of Russia, Ed], they write.
For the document's drafters, membership in NATO and the EU will significantly strengthen Ukraine's security in the long term. However, Ukraine needs security guarantees now.
To this end, the document proposes a series of measures that would guarantee the country's long-term security: A decades-long effort of sustained defense industry investment, arms transfer and support of Allied intelligence and an extensive program of joint training and maneuvers of Ukrainian and partner forces on Ukrainian territory with international trainers and advisers from the EU and NATO.
This agreement would include the provision of modern equipment and effective air defense and missile defense systems in sufficient quantity to ensure a closed sky to air attacks.
To implement these guarantees, allied countries would act as guarantors by making a series of commitments in collaboration with Ukraine. These commitments should be binding on the basis of bilateral agreements.
To be strong and credible enough, Ukraine's self-defense must be underpinned by binding commitments from a group of international actors that mobilize the necessary military and non-military resources.
According to the document, the guarantees should be recorded in a joint strategic partnership document called the kyiv Security Pact co-signed by a core of partners.
The document also refers to the issue of sanctions against Russia which President Volodymyr Zelensky had called for since the start of the Russian invasion.
According to the document, the guarantor countries will not have to lift the sanctions against Russia agreed since 2014, until Moscow ends its aggression, guarantees that it no longer attacks and compensates Ukraine for the damage caused during the invasion.
The editors emphasize that the decision to lift or suspend sanctions must be taken in coordination with Ukraine.
No reaction from the allies was recorded after the publication of this document.
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