UNESCO has decided: the baguette will be listed as an intangible heritage of humanity

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UNESCO has decided: the baguette will be listed as an intangible heritage of humanity

French bakers and pastry chefs claim victory.

The French baguette is recognized all over the world.

Threatened by industrialization, the artisanal bread baguette will be protected by the United Nations.

UNESCO decided on Wednesday: the baguette will be listed as an intangible heritage of humanity.

It is a work of five years which has just been crowned today, rejoiced, shortly after the announcement, the president of the National Bakery Confederation – French pastry chef, Dominique Anract, who is behind the candidacy.

Dominique Anract is the French specialist of the wand. It was he who put together the application file which made it possible to have the know-how of French bakers and pastry chefs recognized by UNESCO.

In an interview on the Montreal show Tout un matin on ICI Première, Mr. Anract explained that strong gestures are now required to protect the so-called “traditional” baguette, strictly regulated by a decree. since 1993, which protects artisan bakers and at the same time imposes very strict requirements on them, such as the ban on additives.

Indeed, the favorite bread of the French, which was born at the beginning of the 20th century in Paris, is more and more cooked in factories, he lamented, pointing out in passing that France has lost around 400 artisan bakeries per year since the 1980s to only have 35,000 today.

A good baguette, argues Mr. Anract, must be the result of slow kneading, heavy hydration, very long fermentation (3 to 24 hours), ;shaping by hand and baking with a very hot deck oven.

The result should lead to a baguette with irregular cells, crispy on the inside. #x27;exterior and soft inside, he describes.

The UNESCO heritage baguette: more than the protection of know-how

EMISSION ICI PREMIÈRE • Tout un matin

The UNESCO heritage baguette: more than the protection of know-how. 7-minute audio content, ICI Première show. Listen to the audio.

For all these reasons, UNESCO called on Wednesday to protect not the recipe itself but the know-how of the bakers and the culture that surrounds it. what President Emmanuel Macron described as 250 grams of magic and perfection.

In these few centimeters of know-how passed from hand to hand, there is exactly the spirit of French know-how, greeted President Macron on Wednesday, visiting Washington. It's something inimitable.

The baguette has since been deeply rooted in the French way of life. Twelve million of them go to the bakery every day, we learn by consulting the application file submitted to UNESCO.

“It's the first race you ask a child to do. It's the crouton, the mouillette, the sandwich. They are on every table, whether it is morning, noon or evening. »

— Dominique Anract, President of the National Confederation of French Bakery-Pastry

Mr. Anract now hopes that the recognition of the know-how of French bakers-pastry chefs will convince more apprentices to take up the torch.

The choice to present the baguette had been carried out in early 2021 by France, which had preferred it to the zinc roofs of Paris and a Jura wine festival.

The inventory of the intangible cultural heritage of the #x27;UNESCO was born in the early 2000s. Recently, the organization has added Congolese rumba, reggae and North African couscous, among others, to its lists of intangible cultural heritage.

With information by Agence France-Presse

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