Was a floating fortress for the king. Scientists have discovered new artifacts on a sunken ship of the XV century (photo)
send to Telegram
share on Facebook
send to Viber
send to Whatsapp
send to Messenger
New research suggests the 500-year-old warship was a real floating fortress for the King of Denmark.
The flagship “Gribshunden” of the Royal Danish Navy sank in 1495. It was first discovered at the bottom of the Baltic Sea, off the coast near Ronneby, Sweden, back in the 1970s. It wasn't until 2013 that scientists were able to identify it as a warship that belonged to King Hans of Denmark, Norway and Sweden in 2013. Two years later, a thorough study of this ship began. And recently another scientific mission was carried out. A new study suggests that this ship served as a real floating fortress for King Hans, as cannons, pistols, crossbows and the ship's stern superstructure were found here, writes Live Science.
Scientists led by Brendan Foley from Lund University, Sweden , recently completed a new study of the ship “Gribshunden”. New finds suggest that the flagship of the Royal Navy served to intimidate enemies and could carry a large number of guns and soldiers.
According to Foley, this ship could carry up to 90 guns, although they were smaller than the guns on the ships of the late 16th century. Nevertheless, this ship was a formidable warship that housed a large number of soldiers who supported the artillery fire with pistols and crossbows.
“This ship, which was the floating fortress of King Hans of Denmark, was 30 meters long. It was one of the first ships to carry artillery. It is also worth noting that new technology was used in the construction of the ship, making the Gribshunden larger and stronger his contemporaries of the late 15th century,” Foley says.
According to the scientist, King Hans used this ship in a way that no other king of that time did. King Hans of Denmark (1455-1513) ruled the country from 1481 to 1513, he was also king of Norway from 1483 to 1513, and also king of Sweden from 1497 to 1501. Scholars believe that King Hans used his flagship from the mid-1480s to intimidate rivals and often traveled in it between different parts of his large kingdom.
“Sweden did not submit to the direct control of King Hans for a long time, despite the fact that Denmark, Norway and Sweden concluded the Kalmar Union back in 1397. By the way, it lasted another 10 years after the death of King Hans. Within this union, Norway and Sweden had many autonomous rights, but Hans wanted to change that. He succeeded in doing so in 1497, when he became king of Sweden. But two years before that, Hans boarded his ship and sailed to Sweden for further negotiations. When the king and his retinue were on board the ship, a mysterious sank, presumably after a fire broke out. Witnesses at the time indicated that 150 people died as a result,” Foley says.
According to Foley, many of the ship's cannons were probably salvaged shortly after the sinking , because a new study of the ship showed the presence of less than 20 guns. Scientists also believe that the ship sank as a result of an explosion of gunpowder, as this is indicated by a large hole.
“This is one of the first ships that carried gunpowder. So special measures have not yet been thought about safely,” says Foley.
Scientists consider the sunken ship “Gribshunden” to be the prototype for the creation of ships of the Age of Discovery, on which Christopher Columbus and Vasco da Gama sailed.
As Focus already wrote, scientists have discovered a ship that sent to “Ti tanik” iceberg warning. It was sunk during the First World War.