Watermelon season has begun – how not to get poisoned?

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July 31, 2022, 20:04 | Medicine

With all its positive qualities, watermelon poisoning is not uncommon.

Watermelon season has begun — how not to get poisoned?

Juicy, sweet, crunchy − and drink and food in one. It's all about watermelon. Summer is not summer without it. The best summer diets are watermelon. But despite all its positive qualities, watermelon poisoning is not uncommon. Especially if you ate it outside of watermelon season…, informs Ukr.Media.

Watermelon is an excellent source of vitamins A and C, as well as the antioxidant lycopene, which is known for its anticancer properties.

< p>The composition of watermelon

  • It contains a huge amount of fructose, which disrupts the synthesis of fatty acids, which destabilizes the membranes of intestinal cells, leading to inflammation.
  • It has a high glycemic index (GI), which contributes to the development of metabolic syndrome.
  • Lycopene should also not be particularly happy, because lycopene (skin discoloration) may develop. By the way, during heat treatment, the amount of lycopene increases dramatically. Lycopene is found in huge quantities in tomatoes, as well as in all red and orange vegetables and fruits.
  • Excess potassium leads to heart rhythm disturbances, lower blood pressure, and muscle weakness.
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    So, in large quantities, watermelon is not so harmless. And in recent years, the frequency of watermelon poisoning has increased not only in summer (in season), but also due to the consumption of watermelons out of season (now watermelons are sold in stores even in winter). Why? Because in addition to the composition that we analyzed a little above, watermelon also contains nitrogen, pesticides, and nitrates. There are especially many of them in early watermelons.

    Nitrates under the action of enzymes and microflora turn into nitrites, are absorbed into the blood through the intestinal walls and form stable compounds with hemoglobin – methemoglobin, and hypoxia (anemia) develops.

    Nitrite compounds contribute to the accumulation of heavy metals in the liver and kidneys, disrupt absorption and permeability in the intestine. As a result, we observe all the symptoms of poisoning: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea up to 15 times a day, weakness, sweating, dizziness, sharp pain in the stomach, lack of appetite, high temperature. Symptoms of poisoning occur after 2-8 hours.

    First aid for watermelon poisoning:

    • Washing the stomach with warm salted water or a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Drink a large amount of liquid and induce vomiting, repeat until clear water comes out.
    • Adoption of sorbents (enterosgel, white coal, atoxil, etc.) to remove toxic substances and prevent their absorption into the bloodstream. They quickly adsorb toxins and impurities. Poisons and nitrates are quickly removed and neutralized. Take three times a day.
    • Take probiotics, because toxins and nitrates that have entered the stomach and intestines have a negative effect on the normal intestinal microflora, and it is necessary to help restore the beneficial bacteria in the intestines.
    • Abundant drinking, at least 2 liters of water per day (for an adult), to remove the remains of toxins and poisons with urine.

    Don't forget that watermelon − not a mandatory product in the diet, it does not suit many people at the molecular level. Apparently, it is ideal only for residents of Northeast Africa, and that's all.

    But if you want a watermelon, then choose it correctly, do not overeat it. An adult can eat no more than 300 g of watermelon per day, and no more fruits and dried fruits per day.

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