What diseases are aggravated by winter: monkeypox, influenza and covid in the winter of 2022-2023

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Which diseases get worse by winter: monkeypox, flu and covid in winter 2022-2023

All you need to know about seasonal diseases and development influenza, coronavirus and monkeypox with the arrival of cold weather.

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With the onset of cold weather, the season of seasonal viruses starts, from which it is difficult to protect yourself. But there are those to whom infections literally “stick” – people with a weakened immune system, children, older people and overworked adults under the pressure of chronic stress. We have collected all the useful information about what seasonal diseases are aggravated with cold weather, as well as medical forecasts about whether to expect an influenza epidemic, a new round of the coronavirus pandemic and a monkeypox epidemic this winter.

What diseases are aggravated in winter< /h2>

SARS and influenza

Seasonal viruses begin to rage with the onset of cold weather. The most vulnerable to respiratory diseases are the elderly, those with weakened immune systems and those who suffer from chronic diseases.

Doctors note that due to weakened immunity, some people can get the flu or SARS for five, or even six times a season. Moreover, a common cold can put a person on sick leave for 20 days, and not go away in a week, as is the case with the normal course of the disease.

People who suffer from chronic respiratory diseases are also at a special risk group – it is much easier for pathogens to penetrate the already weakened mucous membrane. Doctors advise starting to improve immunity now and not abandoning the treatment of a chronic illness – this will increase the chances of not catching a seasonal virus.

Arthritis

Swollen and reddened joints, pain during movement – all this has long ceased to be a problem only for elderly people. Doctors note that in recent years, arthritis has been increasingly tormenting not only pensioners, but also 30-year-old people.

This disease directly depends on the temperature outside the window. In warmer winters, exacerbations of arthritis are less common, but severe frosts are the enemies of a person suffering from arthritis.

Doctors advise keeping diseased joints warm and avoid hypothermia, and also pay more attention to diseased joints – for example, do gymnastics at home or in the gym.

Pancreatitis

In general, frosts in no way affect the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas. However, doctors have noticed that exacerbations are more common in patients with pancreatitis in winter – the fact is that people tend to “warm up” with the help of fats and alcohol.

Doctors advise trying to stick to a standard diet – limiting alcohol, fatty foods and pickles.

Urological problems

Cystitis, urethritis, prostatitis, pyelonephritis – all these sores also worsen with the onset of cold weather. Doctors advise to insulate the lower back, because all these ailments worsen with its hypothermia.

Diabetes

Diabetics should also take care of themselves in the autumn-winter period. Due to the cold weather, peripheral circulation is weakened, and therefore one should be more careful. Doctors warn that a complication in the form of a “diabetic leg” most often manifests itself in the cold. The advice is simple – keep your feet warm and monitor your blood sugar levels.

Why chronic diseases are exacerbating

Chronic diseases are considered to be diseases that the body cannot cope with for a long time. As a rule, diseases turn into chronic ones due to insufficient or untimely treatment of the old form of the disease.

Doctors believe that age, stress and a general decrease in immunity are the main factors affecting the likelihood of developing a seasonal exacerbation. However, changeable weather, high humidity, rain, cold, shorter daylight hours and changes in atmospheric pressure also contribute. Therefore, in the autumn-winter period, you should especially take care.

What vaccinations to make for the winter

The best way to protect yourself from seasonal diseases, according to the World Health Organization, is vaccination. Many vaccines are now available that can protect against a range of diseases, including diphtheria, hepatitis B, measles, meningitis, pneumonia, polio, and many more.

In anticipation of the onset of the flu season and SARS, doctors advise making flu and COVID-19 vaccines. In the current 2022-2023 season, WHO advises using quadrivalent flu vaccines and making a coronavirus booster.

Which diseases are aggravated by winter: monkeypox, flu and covid in winter 2022-2023

< p> What diseases are aggravated by winter: monkeypox, influenza and covid in the winter of 2022-2023

Will there be an influenza epidemic in winter

In recent weeks, according to the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, the incidence rate of SARS (including coronavirus infection) was 335.3 per 100,000 population. This indicator is less than the epidemic threshold calculated for Ukraine. A similar situation, according to WHO, is also observed in neighboring countries – the incidence is at the off-season level, the circulation of influenza viruses has not been detected. But don't relax.

Which diseases get worse by winter: monkeypox, influenza and covid in winter 2022-2023

 What diseases are aggravated by winter: monkeypox, influenza and covid in the winter of 2022-2023 . It is expected that in the current autumn-winter period on the territory of Ukraine, and throughout the Northern Hemisphere, <strong>four strains of influenza will circulate at once</strong>:</p><ul><li>a virus similar to A/Victoria/2570 /2019(H1N1)pdm09;</li><li>virus like A/Darwin/9/2021(H3N2);</li><li>B/Austria/1359417/2021-like virus (B/Victoria lineage);</li><li>B/Phuket/3073/2013-like virus (B/Yamagata lineage).</li></ul><p>< p> According to the chief sanitary doctor of Ukraine Igor Kuzin, this year our country will not have a difficult epidemic season, but it is still worth getting vaccinated. The Ministry of Health and WHO remind that the best prevention against influenza virus is vaccination.</p><p>This season, doctors recommend vaccinating with quadrivalent and trivalent vaccines – the first act on all strains of influenza that are expected this season, the second – on everything except Phuket.</p><p>Specialists of the Kyiv City Center for Disease Control and Prevention note that that you can get vaccinated against influenza not only at the beginning, but throughout the entire epidemiological season. This will help to avoid serious complications and reduce the risk of getting sick.</p><h3>Influenza during covid</h3><p>The Kyiv City Center for Disease Control and Prevention warns that the flu vaccine cannot protect against the coronavirus, and vice versa. Therefore, it is worth getting vaccinated against both viruses.</p><p>Scientists note that simultaneous infection with influenza and COVID-19 is very dangerous – the risk of mortality in the case of a combination of these infections increases six times.</p><h3>Who should get vaccinated</h3><p>Influenza is dangerous for the development of complications, and therefore WHO identifies the <strong>main risk group</strong>, which should be vaccinated first. These include:</p><ul><li>children aged six months to 5 years;</li><li>adults over 65;</li><li>patients with chronic lung diseases;</li><li>patients with chronic diseases of the kidneys, endocrine system and heart;</li><li>patients with immunosuppression or receiving immunosuppressive therapy;</li><li>HIV-infected;</li><li>patients with hemoglobinopathy;</li><li>patients taking acetylsalicylic acid;</li><li>patients with epilepsy, cognitive dysfunction, neuromuscular disorders;</li><li>pregnant women .</li></ul><h3>Which flu vaccine to choose</h3><p>In this epidemiological period, WHO recommends the use of quadrivalent <strong>vaccines that contain the following components</strong>:</p><ul><li>Chick embryo vaccines: A/Victoria/2570/2019 (H1N1)pdm09- similar virus; A/Darwin/9/2021 (H3N2)-like virus; B/Austria/1359417/2021 (B/Victoria lineage)-like virus; B/Phuket/3073/2013 (B/Yamagata lineage)-like virus;</li><li>Recombinant vaccines: A/Wisconsin/588/2019 (H1N1)pdm09-like virus; A/Darwin/6/2021 (H3N2)-like virus; B/Austria/1359417/2021 (B/Victoria lineage)-like virus; B/Phuket/3073/2013 (B/Yamagata lineage)-like virus.</li></ul><h2>Will there be an outbreak of coronavirus in autumn 2022</h2><p>With the onset of cold weather, people spend more and more time together indoors, and most countries no longer have measures in place to limit the spread of the virus. As a result, several European countries are already reporting an increase in COVID-19 cases, including hospitalizations and deaths.</p><p>According to WHO Director-General Tedros Ghebreyesus, this was to be expected – scientists expect that the incidence statistics will continue to grow, but this does not mean that mortality will also increase. Ghebreyesus believes that vaccines and therapeutics are now available to help save the lives of patients.</p><p>Scientists note that at the present time, Omicron remains dominant throughout the world – WHO staff and other researchers record more than 300 different sub-options. However, scientists still know little about the various sub-variants of Omicron – according to WHO, studying the mutations of this strain of coronavirus is more like “chasing shadows”.</p><p>According to Maria Van Kerkhove, executive director of health emergencies , at the moment, BA.5 dominates of all the described subtypes of Omicron – it and its subvariants account for about 80% of all cases of virus infection.</p><p>WHO urges all countries to strengthen surveillance, testing and sequencing, and ensure vaccination for the most vulnerable populations.</p><p><img decoding=

 What diseases are aggravated by winter: monkeypox, influenza and covid in the winter of 2022-2023

When to expect a new wave of coronavirus

Scientists fear that with the onset of the winter period in the Northern Hemisphere including in Ukraine, the number of COVID-19 diseases will increase. This season, scientists say, we will likely encounter new strains of the micromicron variant of SARS-CoV-2 that have mutated and evolved the ability to evade immunity.

According to Tom Wenceliers, an evolutionary biologist at the Catholic University of Leuven in Belgium, scientists are now seeing the decline of BA.2, BA.4 and BA.5, sub-variants of Omicron that drove epidemic waves in the past. But their offspring continue to develop and acquire mutations that help them spread.

Venceliers notes that the current increase in the incidence seems to be associated with the rejection of the mask regime and quarantine restrictions, as well as the weakening of the immunity created by previously made vaccines.

According to scientists, new waves of coronavirus incidence will be commensurate with last year, at least in terms of the number of infections. At the same time, scientists hope that building up population immunity from vaccines and previous infections will allow us to reduce the number of hospitalizations and deaths compared to past waves of COVID-19. But it is still impossible to predict how much, alas.

Coronavirus vaccines

Boosters, including bivalent vaccines, appear to provide some protection against infection with emerging sub-variants of Omicron, according to the scientists. However, the effect may not last long, and therefore a second dose of the booster may be required to create more persistent protection and a high level of neutralizing antibodies.

Epidemiologist Jennifer Nuzzo of Brown University in Providence says old and new COVID-19 vaccines are still highly effective in preventing severe complications. According to Nuzzo, booster campaigns this season should be aimed at the main risk groups – the elderly, people with chronic diseases who need additional protection.

Will there be a monkeypox epidemic

Epidemiologists sounded the alarm when the number of cases detected outside of Africa in a week exceeded the number of diagnosed patients between 1970 and 2021.

The first cases of monkeypox infection were also recorded in Ukraine. According to the Ministry of Health, all the patients are men aged 25 to 35 who have not recently traveled abroad and have not been in contact with the infected.

Despite the worsening situation, an epidemiologist from the Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases US Army Jay Hooper believes that a new epidemic in the world will not happen. According to the epidemiologist, the monkeypox virus is not as contagious and easily transmitted from person to person as, for example, SARS-CoV-2.

 What diseases are aggravated by winter: monkeypox, influenza and covid in the winter of 2022-2023 -zime-obezjanja-ospa-gripp-i-kovid-zimoj-2022-2023-428a976.jpg

< p>Monkeypox is not spread by airborne droplets like coronavirus, but only through close contact with the patient's fluids – for example, saliva, blood, secretions from ulcers and others.

Currently, there is no vaccine in the world from monkeypox. However, scientists hope that in the near future it will still appear. The monkeypox and commonpox viruses are similar, Hooper said, and scientists have already developed effective treatments and vaccines for the latter. The researchers believe that this will greatly accelerate the development of an effective monkeypox vaccine, as well as help build a strategy to combat the disease around the world.