What is Diwali and how is it celebrated?

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What is Diwali festival and how it is celebrated

Diwali (Hindi दिवाली) is the main Hindu holiday. It is celebrated as the Festival of Lights and symbolizes the victory of good over evil, and candles and lanterns are lit everywhere as a sign of this victory. The main theme of the festival scenery is luminous lanterns (traditional dipa), lights, fireworks and lit candles decorating the statues of animals and gods.

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The name of the ancient holiday Diwali (Skt. दीपावली) comes from a combination of the words दीप “dīpa” (lamp, light) and “āvali” (many, row). Dipa is an oil lamp made of clay or clay with a cotton wick soaked in ghee (ghee).

The whole of India celebrates this holiday.

Diwali lasts 5 days and this year the countdown is from October 22, and today, October 24, is considered the most significant as the day of the new moon.

What is Diwali and how is it celebrated

What is Diwali and how it is celebrated

How Diwali is celebrated and what each day of the holiday means

The first day of Diwali is called Danteras (Dhanteras), it is dedicated to the god of Ayurveda – Dhanvantari and the god of finance and wealth Kubera.

The second day of the festival is called Narak Chaturdashi, and it is believed that on this day, evil spirits are most powerful, and therefore it is favorable to light 14 candles/lamps at home in the evening/night in order to dispel darkness.

On this day, a puja (rite of worship) is performed to Hanuman , the son of the wind god Vayu) and Mahakal (the guardian and protector of the teachings of the Buddha).

On the new moon, on the third day of Diwali, a large puja or yagya (sacrifice) is held to the goddess Lakshmi – the goddess of well-being, abundance, prosperity, wealth, good luck. The Goddess is offered grain, flowers, fruit, oil as a “sacrifice” in exchange for the fulfillment of desires. Sometimes they symbolically burn clothes or money.

The fourth day is called Govardhan Puja, when people pay tribute to the god Krishna, who raised Govardhan Hill to save people from the city of Vrindavan (Uttar State). Pradesh) from the flood.

What is Diwali and how is it celebrated

What is Diwali festival and how it is celebrated

According to legend, Indra, the king of the gods, became angry with Krishna because he persuaded the locals to make sacrifices and worship Govardhan Hill instead of him. Indra summoned the clouds and sent a continuous downpour over the entire region of Vrndavana, which continued for seven days and nights. To protect people and animals, Krishna raised a huge hill of Govardhana on the little finger of his left hand, and all the inhabitants of Vrindavan could hide under it from the rain like under a big umbrella.

Mount Govardhana and the surrounding area is considered sacred and is an important place pilgrimage.

On the fifth day – Pit Dvitya– It is customary to give gifts to your brothers and sisters as a sign of family unity and care for each other. Also on this day, pujas are held for Vishvakarma, the creator of the Universe, recalling the hymns of the Rig Veda; Yama – the God of death, the keeper of the souls of the dead and the god created from the soul and mind of Brahma – Chitragupta – “the manager of karma”.

What is Diwali and how is it celebrated

What is Diwali and how is it celebrated< /p>

 What is Diwali and how is it celebrated

What is the Diwali festival and how is it celebrated

Throughout the festival, Indians give gifts to each other, visit and relax (two days of Diwali are state weekend).

Isto chnik.