The visit of Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the US House of Representatives, to Taiwan on her Asian tour has made it clear that the conflict between China and Taiwan is raging. far from resolved. Before the announcement of the US political trip, China has warned that it will take “forceful measures” and that its army will not sit idly by” strong>.
The Asian giant,It claims sovereignty over the island and considers Taiwan a rebellious province ever since the Kuomintang nationalists withdrew there. in 1949, after losing the Civil War against the communists. According to the Chinese Government, a visit from a US president of the caliber of Pelosi would be a provocation and “definitely a detriment to the principle of Chinese sovereignty.” /strong>
Pelosi has become the highest-ranking US political representative to visit the island since 1997, making her the third-highest ranking White House politician.
Civil War and two Chinas
The conflict betweenChina and Taiwan dates back to 1949, when theCivil Warin the Asian country ended. and the Chinese Communist Party, under the leadership of Mao Zedong, rose up. with the victory after defeating the Government of Chiang Kai-Shek. At that time, almost two million people, among them the political opposition -the Kuomintang,the anti-communist party – retreated to Taiwan, an archipelago made up of the island of Formosa, the archipelago of Pescadores and the islands of Matsu and Kinmen, where they managed to settle.
Upon arrival, the exiles proclaimed the Republic of China in Taiwan and argued that the legitimate Government of China was there. However, Mao's forces expanded throughout the territorymainland and proclaimed the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital. Since then, China considers Taiwan to be one of its provinces and has defended its right to “take it back”.
The role of the United States
In a context in which there were two Chinas that claimed to be legitimate, the United States, an ally of the Kuomintang during World War II World Cup, gave its support to Taipeiand recognized as the Government of all China. However, in 1979, Washington wanted to establish diplomatic relations with mainland China and therefore rescinded the agreement. Themutual defense treatyit had with Taiwan.
Even so, unofficial relations have continued. The United States sells military self-defense material to Taiwan, despite the fact that Beijing has repeatedly warned of its anger about it.
During the mandate of Donald Trump, military ties with Taiwan deepened and arms sales intensified. Joe Biden, the current president of the United States, has recently stated that he would come to the defense of Taiwan if it were attacked by China, which ensures that its objective is toensure peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait, the physical barrier that separates China and the island.
The tension between both territories has increased in recent years. The incursion ofmilitary planesBy China in Taiwan's airspace, the verbal escalation grew in October 2021, when the island's Minister of Defense , Chiu Kuo-Cheng , assured that the His relations with his neighbor were “the darkest in forty years”. Already at that time, Joe Biden tried to mediate between the two. The US president assured that he had spoken with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping about Taiwan and they had agreed to respect the established peace agreement.
Now, with Pelosi's possible visit to Taiwanese territory, China assures that Taiwan faces “disastrous consequences” If “the United States mismanages the situation in the strait”, declared the spokeswoman for the Chinese Foreign Ministry Hua Chunying in reference to the possible arrival tonight on the island of The Speaker of the US House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi.
Threat to the US
According to media from the United States and Taiwan, the senior official could land tonight in Taipei on an unannounced visit as part of the tour she is carrying out for Asiaand to which Beijing has already warned. that, if it occurs, it will respond. forcefully.
Lately, since the US media advanced the possibility of Pelosi's trip, both military and civilian Chinese representatives have warned of possible consequences of the US official's trip . The Chinese president himself, Xi Jinping, to his US counterpart, Joe Biden, “don't play with fire”in the phone conversation they had last week. Also in recent days, the Chinese Ministry of Defense spokesman Tan Kefei has stated that the Chinese Army “will not sit idly by” strong> if the visit takes place.
China considers the possible visit as “dangerous and provocative”, since it “definitely undermines the principle of Chinese sovereignty and our territorial integrity”. In addition, it warns that they have been observing for some time “a growing trend” in Taiwan towards independence, encouraged by “external actors”, and this could become The situation is “out of control”, so “it is legitimate for our rulers and our military to take action to prevent Taiwan from going any further in the direction of independence.”