What is happening in Kosovo? The keys to the crisis with Serbia

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  • The Government of Kosovo has decided to postpone for one month, until September 1, the implementation of the ban on Serbian documents and license plates on its territory

What is happening in Kosovo? The keys to the crisis with Serbia

Tension is growing on Kosovo's border with Serbia. More than 20 years after the end of the war,peace is not yet a reality. The latest clash began after the entry into force this Monday of a new Kosovar regulation on identity documents and license platesAccordingly, those entering the country from Serbia will have to exchange their Serbian identity documents for identity documents issued by Pristina valid for three months. The Government of Kosovo has decided to postpone the implementation of the ban for one month, until September 1.

Past of war

What is happening in Kosovo? The keys to the crisis with Serbia

Twenty-three years have passed since the war in Kosovo was declared over, but since then normality has never been achieved in aterritory still pending official recognitionby numerous countries, including five from the European Union, including Spain. The war took place in the former Serbian region between the end of February 1998 and June 11, 1999 and faced to the forces of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (which at this time consisted of the Republics of Serbia and Montenegro) and the Kosovo Albanian rebel group, known as the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), with air support from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and ground support from the Albanian army. After the war, Kosovo became in an autonomous territory under the tutelage of the United Nations, who subsequently took charge of to determine the future status of the territory. Talks began in 2006 and the UN hosted the talks. 17 rounds of negotiationsbetween Kosovo and Serbia, but the Kosovar independence plan negotiated by former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari was rejected by Serbia. Kosovo declared its independence in 2008, but is not yet recognized by Serbia as an independent state, although it is recognized by Serbia. more than 100 countries do it.

Current conflict

What is happening in Kosovo? The keys to the crisis with Serbia

A series of clashes began on Sunday between Kosovo and Serbia with blockades of border crossings and highways A few hours before the planned beginning of the ban on Serb documents and license plates in Kosovo.Shortly before, the Kosovo Police had closed the Brnjak and Jarinje border crossings to traffic and deployed police officers. They carry out their patrols in the north of Kosovo, where the Serb minority is concentrated, in order to carry out these checks and change documentation. The Serbs, who oppose the new measures, set up barricades on the roads that lead from Mitrovica, where they are in the majority, to those two border crossings. Serbia and Kosovo accused each other of trying to destabilize the region. Under the new measures, people who enter Kosovo with Serbian identity cards will receive a temporary Kosovar document valid for 90 days. In addition, license plates issued by Serbia for Kosovar cities with a Serbian majority will have to be replaced by official Kosovo ones. The conflict between both parties began in September 2021, when Kosovo ordered It required all drivers entering the country from Serbia to use provisional license plates valid for 60 days, a measure that was already in place for drivers entering Serbia from Kosovo since 2008.

The role of NATO

What is happening in Kosovo? The keys to the crisis with Serbia

The NATO Force for Kosovo (KFOR) is a military force multinational company that entered in Kosovo on June 12, 1999, two days after the United Nations Security Council approved resolution 1244 with the aim of maintaining orderand security in Kosovo, maintain the points agreed in the peace agreement and provide assistance to the program of the UN mission in Kosovo (UNMIK). This Sunday at the last minute he announced that “it is prepared to intervene” in the event that the stability of northern Kosovo is endangered, after the confrontations began. “KFOR will take all necessary measures to maintain a secure environment in Kosovo at all times, in accordance with its UN mandate”, it has made known in a statement on its Twitter account, after the rise in tensions in the north of Kosovo registered in the last hours.

The Spanish position

What is happening in kosovo? happening in Kosovo? The keys to the crisis with Serbia

The Spanish president, Pedro Sánchez, met this weekend with his Serbian counterpart Aleksandar Vu& ccaron;i& cacute ;, with whom he had a meeting in which he transferred & gué; his support for Serbia. “We are united by the conviction of the need to guarantee international law and the sovereign integrity of States.We support Serbia in everything that has to do with Kosovo“, stressed the head of the Executive. The Government supports the Belgrade-Pristina dialogue, but without implying a change in the historical position of Madrid in this conflict. Five EU countries, The Kosovars, including Spain, do not recognize the unilateral declaration of Kosovar independence in 2008. The EU, however, acts as a mediator in the negotiations between Belgrade and Pristina, on which the generalized normalization of relations and the possibilities of accession of both countries to the community bloc.

Deferral of the measures

What is happening in Kosovo? The keys to the crisis with Serbia

After the clashes, the Government of Kosovo has decided to postpone for a month , until September 1, the application of the prohibition of Serbian documents and license plates in its territory after the tensions that took place last night at two border points between the two countries. According to a statement issued last night, the government of the Prime Minister, Albin Kurti, conditions the postponement to the removal of the barricades placed by local Serbs in protest at the measure. The note indicates that the decision was made after a meeting with the US ambassador to Kosovo, Jeffrey Hovenier. The Serbian president, Aleksandar Vucic, for his part, declared: that they work “in order to calm down the situation”.

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